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CRM/LAW C162- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 29 pages long!)


Department
Criminology, Law and Society
Course Code
CRM/LAW C162
Professor
Richard Mc Cleary
Study Guide
Midterm

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UC-Irvine
CRM/LAW C162
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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Lec 1 Poisson (Thursday 5-7 office hours) SE II 3315
Cohen and Felson (not required week2
Science = observation
o Francis Bacon
Wrote e orgoo thro out aristotilia ethod= it did’t allo for
experiment
o Baseline theory- explains facts
o Hypothesis (we test)- the result becomes a new fact (refined theory)
Thus scientific knowledge is never complete
Scientific Criminological Theories
o Not all scientific
Theories of justice (naturalist), theories of punishment, moral/social
philosophy, pseudo-scientific theories (attributed to carl popper)
cannot be un approved
o Scientific theories attempt to predict and explain crime
When and where, type of crime and who will be victim
Crimonological theories (2 categories)
When, where, what theories
Who theory (why does one person become a criminal)
o Scientific theories are testable
o Scientific theories change/evolve over time
Control theory- people are suppose to steal and robb ( question is not why this person
commits crime) but hy do’t all of us do’t coit crie
Social Disorganization Theory
o Why neighborhoods, cities have more or less crime and why rates change over
time
Unit of analysis (the neighborhood, cities, nations)
As soon as sun goes down crime rates go down (fewer targets) but
if a target remains at risk by being open 24/7 the risk of
victimization goes high
Crime risk goes up the minute sun goes down
Routine Activities
Why crimes occur at certain places
Why crime occur at certain times
Fridays cause of alcohol
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Control Theory- why certain people become criminals
Differential Association Theory
o Explains why X does/ or not commit crime
Lifestyle/ life course theory
o Why X is/is’t a icti
Broken window theory
o Criminals taking advantage of poor aesthetics of building
o Argues that signs of social disorganization like broken windows in a
neighborhood cause crime
Led to Broken windows policing (take care of little things and big things
o’t happes
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