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INTL ST 179 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Young Turks, Yemen, Women In Algeria


Department
International Studies
Course Code
INTL ST 179
Professor
Sameh
Study Guide
Midterm

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INTL ST 179
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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Islam through Western Eyes- Edward Said
Islam represents the threat of resurgent atavism and destruction of the democratic order in the Western
World.
The reactions to Islam have been called Orientalist
o The larger and different one called the Orient and the other known as our world called the
Occident or the West
o Islam represents a late coming challenge to Christianity
Islamic orient is important for its resources and its geopolitical location
o Islam has appeared as a threat to Europe and West
o Islam means the end of civilization as we know It
o Its anti-human, antidemocratic and antirational
Third world countries and Islamic countries have become the consumers of the Western News.
o Islam learning about its self through Western Media
o They depend on the US and the European libraries for learning what passes as Middle Eastern
Studies
The history of Islam is covered by the bad parts of the terrorists and the dictators and the wars that have
been going on but the culture and the richness of the religion has been hidden.
o The media chooses only to cover the bad parts of Islam
The need to improve or beautify Islam needs to stop
o Students can be useful in carrying work beyond prejudices and constrictions of their elders.
Women and Power in the Middle East- Suad Joseph and Susan Slyomovics
Women’s activism in the Middle East Sarah Graham-Brown
o Women are perceived as silenced and passive
o Hanan Al-Ashrawi spokesperson for the Palestinians in the international region
o Male politicians in Algeria speak as if women are subordinates and should not be allowed to work
o Nasif Egyptian writer stood up in a all male nationalist congress group and demanded that women
have the right to be educated
Early Women’s Organizations
o 90 years later the women have much greater access to education and the chance to work
o In turkey they discouraged veiling based on the Swiss Legal code rather than the Sharia law.
o Shah in Iran put limited reforms and forced the abolition of the veil and improvement to the
education
o Iran, Egypt and Turkey had women demanding for education and work and for personal status and
family law governing matters such as marriage.
o End the segregations and seclusion of women
o Those in the movements came from well off urban families and brought up n seclusion or semi
seclusion and were educated at home
o It started off with political change and national independence
o Iran and Turkey- developed after the collapse of the autocratic regimes
o Women were used as symbols of national modernity and secularization in Iran and Turkey.
o Women established their activist credentials during the Egyptian nationalist uprising against the
British
Upper class, veiled both confronted the soldiers
o Egyptian feminist Union was born out of the idea that very few male politicians were willing to
campaign for women’s demands
Great education and great health issue awareness
Made women’s demands of public debate
o Women were seen as symbol to represent modernization, national culture, preservation of
traditional values
Secularism and the State
o Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Algeria- initiated changes in education, health care and employment for
women.
o Mobilize women around the goals and tasks set by the party and state.
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o Women gained the right to vote in Egypt in 1956 under Nasser
o Women in parliament tend to pursue what is most important to their party
o Gulf state they are denied the vote
o Women’s vote has not been cut off in Iran because the leaders need their votes in order to win the
election despite the fact that women are pushed out off al public activities
Nationalism and Women’s Rights
o Women have risked their live and sacrificed their life in countries like Algeria and in the Israeli
and Palestinian war.
o Algeria- improvements in women’s status
o French approach to let go of the unveiling in order to step towards modernization which angered
the Algerian opposition
o Women played a large role in the National Liberation Front
o In Palestine the women represent cultural integrity
The Politics of Personal Life
o In challenging the norms of sexuality and marriage means that the women are accepting the Wests
culture
Islamist Influence
o Stress sexual purity and control and the danger of losing it as a justification for increased male
supervision of women and for insisting on self control by women themselves.
o Modest dress frees women to move around the streets and the workplace without harassment by
men
o Or some say that the veil is form of male control and male definition of women’s space.
Women and Polticis in the Middle East- Suad Joseph
As the Egyptian state developed formal politics expanded and women’s participation
The stronger the state like Iran under the Shah the less involvement there is whereas in Lebanon a weak
state the women’s networks were working
Egypt in the 19th century identified the women as political
The Algerian war of liberation had women carry out underground political activity as the authorities did not
see them as political
The Liberation of Women, The New Woman.- Qasim Amin
Women were inferior due to their mental deficiencies, their low status in religion, and their primary role as
temptresses and agents for the devil
Women who left to pursue their intellectual duties were seen as intruding on men’s domain
Aisha was the leader and the commander of the Battle of the Camel so how is it that women cannot interact
with men other than those of relatives
Islamic scholars not having and adequate understanding of their religion and not observing the percepts of
Islam.
Islam some 12 centuries ago granted women rights that have only been achieved by Western women during
the couple of the last years
o It went as far from giving them the chance to pursue a profession or occupation and to give them
permission to be guardians over men and to occupy the position of a mufti or qadi in administering
justice.
The Shari’a law protects women and grants her freedom
Polygamy was a common marriage because monogamy meant that there was equal right between both men
and women.
Women’s rights were at its worst when Europe was attached to its church and Rome.
Men have robbed of women of the realization of their freedom and let men enjoy their political freedom.
When one is thinking about a Eastern country they think that a women is a mans lave and his is the
oppressor in the house.
Government intervention in the United States men affairs is non existent and they are independent hence
that the women are able to thrive
o Womens participation in the political scene was advantageous
o France the law grating women the right to practice law has been passed
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