[REL STD 5A] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (34 pages long!)

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REL STD 5A
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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REL STD 5A LECTURE #4: THE HEBREW BIBLE, ITS MOST FAMOUS PASSAGE, AND THE TALMUD'
5 QUICK QUESTIONS:
1. What is the Bible?
-The holy ook of Judais soeties alled the Jeish Bile;
-The Old Testament is an offense to Jews and they would rather have you call it the Hebrew or
the Jewish bible.
-Used in public and private devotions (i.e reading it on your own and reading it at ceremonies)
- It is not a single book, rather a collection of many books with many different genres of literature
2. Who wrote the Bible?
-There were multiple authors who did not know each other, wrote from different geographic
locations throughout the East; in many cases the authors are unknown
3. When was the Bible written?
Written over the course of a thousand years
4. How was the Bible assembled?
-Anonymous editors picked the books among many others and assembled them into what was
known as the Bible. These are the ones that are relevant and the ones that God are speaking to.
-THERE IS NO BOOK! Rather, it is a scroll that is glued together and is glued to a scroll where
you can open up to whatever it is that you want to read. They wrote on animal skins, (vellum),
stone.
-Scrolls would be 25-30 feet long
-They wrote from right to left with no consonants (no vowels, punctuation, or paragraphs along
with chapters, verses or headings); this is because they wanted to conserve space on whatever
it was that they were writing on
-Copied by hand on a manuscript (people ho did this ere osidered a holy oupatio
-People can tell how old a bible is based on looking to see if it is written on one side or both
sides
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5. What influence has the Bible had in the West?
-Christians took up the Jewish bible; adopted
-Ethics morality in our laws, in literature
-A lot of Western names originate from the bible where it was the first time that these names
were ever mentioned
T a N a K
T = Torah
N = Neii
K = Ketui
T O R A H
-The first five books of the bible, the most important of Judaism
-This traslates to the teahig of Moses; also alled fie ooks of Moses
PENTATUCH
Genesis: first ook origis “tory of Ada ad Ee, Araha ad Isaa, eds ith the i
Egypt)
Exodus: about the escape of Egypt where they call Moses to be the leader
Leviticus: All of the laws that God gives the people (which is why the people are punished)
Numbers: The teachings of Moses
Deuteronomy:
N E V I ' I M: The prophets; who God speaks through
Joshua: Canaan; the Promise of the Holy Land
Judges:
First Samuel
Second Samuel
First Kings
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