CHEM 14A Study Guide - Final Guide: Pauli Exclusion Principle, Aufbau Principle, Octet Rule

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16 Jun 2019
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-!The Scientific Method
-!The Periodic Table
Historical Development"
The Periodic Law"
Triads"
"
-!Sig figs
-!Units Conversion
-!Stoichiometry
Balance Equation"
Percentage Composition"
Limiting Reagents"
Percentage Yield"
-!Gas
-!Light and Matter
Diraction and Interference"
Planck’s Equation"
Photoelectric Eect"
-!Bohr’s Theory
-!De Broglie
-!Uncertainty Principle
-!Quantum numbers
-!Electron Configurations
Pauli Exclusion Principle"
Hund’s Rule"
Aufbau principle"
3d&4s"
-!Periodic Trend
Radius"
IE"
Electro-negativity"
-!Various Representations of Ψ
-!Nodes
-!Lewis Structure
Resonance structures"
Octet Rule Violation"
Formal Charges"
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-!VSEPR
-!MO theory
Diagram"
Magnetic Property"
Bond Order"
-!Hybridization
-!Acid-Base Qualitative
Arrhenius"
Bronsted-Lowry"
Lewis"
Conjugate Acid-Base"
-!Strength of Acid
Bond Polarity"
Bond strength"
Anion Stability"
Electronegativity eects"
-!Acid-Base Quantitative
Kw"
pH"
Neutral"
"
-!Transition Metal Complex Structure
Linear"
Tetrahedral/Square Planar"
Octahedral"
-!Dative Bond
-!TM Complex Isomerism
Geometric"
Linkage"
Optical"
-!Color
-!Crystal Field Theory
High/Low Field Ligands"
Magnetic Property"
CFSE Calclation"
"
"
"
"
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Midterm Study Guide"
"
Concepts"
Scientific Method -- Laws/ theories, etc "
Periodic table -- history, forms, etc"
Sig Figs, SI units, etc"
Stoichiometry-- mole calculations, limiting reagents, empirical/molecular formula, yield"
Gases -- formulas "
Waves -- frequency, wavelength, etc"
Study of matter and dierent forms of the atom -- thomson, rutherford, bohr, schrodinger "
Quantum theory -- photoelectric eect, wave functions, bohr, debroglie, uncertainty principle"
Quantum numbers"
Electron systems-- pauli exclusion, hund's, aufbau "
representations of Ψ"
radial and planar nodes"
atomic spectra"
periodic trends -- atomic radius, ionization energy"
lewis structures -- covalent bonding"
bonding"
hybridization"
molecular orbital theory"
Scientific Method"
Traditional view of science"
starts with observations which lead to laws and theories which are repeatedly tested-- laws and theories
are proved by experimental evidence"
Karl Popper's view of science"
a theory is scientific if it can be refuted by evidence. if it's not refuted its not scientific "
refutation argues nothing can be proven because an infinite amount of data/evidence would be required
for past, present and future. theories can never be proven, only disproven. science thus proceeds through
conjecture and refutation "
induction-- simple and oversimplified law"
Laws vs Theories"
theories can contain many laws"
theories cannot be proved, but have not been refuted"
laws are subsumed by theories"
laws describe theories explain "
Kuhn's Scheme"
scientific thinking occurs when a majority of scientist agree a new explanation or theory is better than the
old"
prescientific stage paradigm anomalies revolution crisis "
Periodic law"
elements are arranged by increasing atomic number"
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