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Study Guide

ETHNOMUS 25 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Atlantic Slave Trade, Syncopation, Sufism


Department
Ethnomusicology
Course Code
ETHNOMUS 25
Professor
Doleac
Study Guide
Midterm

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ETHNOMUS 25

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KPOP: assembly line production, called “idols”
Olympics is able to promote culture- through KPOP(Korea)
First games in 1896- differences of nations set aside to promote unity
Not seen in 1936 Munich, 1974 Munich Olympic massacre of Israeli athletes, and 1984
Moscow
Put off of conflict between North and South Korea seen in PyeongChang 2018 Olympic
In 2018 SK sent some Kpop groups to NK as a form of cultural diplomacy
Globalization: collective term for how all of us are connected
Economic Globalization of the Olympics: natl governments work together to fund event
Ideology: shared set of rules agreed upon by multiple countries
Cultural: host nation projects national culture that they promote
Kai’s dance(EXO) was a traditional Korean courtship dance
CL’s performance promoted female independence, Korea’s global power
CL’s performance was hip-hop influenced…”Not bad meaning bad, but bad meaning
good”
“I Am The Best” was adapted from European electro-dance music
Kpop is HEAVILY western influenced
1400 influence from European colonialism, 20th century American culture all
influenced KPOP
EXO starts w/ Korean traditional dance, then the group starts dancing
Group wears high fashion designer clothing, compared to individual(KAI) in
hanbok
First song(GROWL) is generically romantic, then (POWER) is about
empowerment
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Global Pop Lecture 2- USA Intro to Recording Industry
Recording and global entertainment industry was mainly born in the US
Richard Millon- (POPULAR MUSIC) widely used in discourse, lower value and
complexity, readily accessible to large numbers of uneducated listeners.
Art Music= Classical Music
High culture-low culture most prominent in the 19-20th century
People today have more access to “high culture” arts, so that distinction is not
really as visible today.
Reality shows, comic books, Pop music, etc. were all seen as low culture
The growing middle class in industrial US were beginning to take interest in devouring
forms of high art
The distinction of high and low culture was prominent in the US, forging of a national
culture was beginning in the 19th century
Money elite looked towards Europe
Looked to art and music as models of what could constitute “culture”
Folk music- began in Caribbean and Africa- repreatore formed into folk music
Music presented in America’s first halls- blackface shows and vaudeville
Europe had high class music halls
Music in America mixed with African and European origins- not good considering that
America still ran as a white supremacy leading nation
In the US is where the production of music was first mechanized and industrialized on a
massive scale(2nd industrial revolution)
Popular music was specifically produced within a system of industrial capitalism and
FOR that system, mass distribution- that's the difference between folk and popular music
First mass produced music was sheet music
Sheet music industry was the first mass music industry
Grew in tandem with mass production of pianos (mid 19th century)
Piano’s were seen as essential of middle class home
Mid class women were seen to be able to teach piano, and entertain guests
Also rise of minstrel show and vaudeville
Grew into 19th century and early 20th
Tin Pan Alley
Player piano
Put piano rolls into the piano, and there’s a device that allow the piano to
automatically play certain notes without someone actually playing
Staple of early music
Phonograph was introduced by Edison
Gramophone
Wax cylinders were first introduced into mass market in 1890’s- recordings became
more and more popular
1930’s sales of recording music eclipsed those of sheet music
Wax cylinders could not be duplicated
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George W. Johnson had a song called “The Laughing Song”- of the “Laughing
Coon” and had to sing it for every new cylinder that was produced.
Blackface was a theatrical entertainment form for variety shows
All based in part of stereotyping and making fun of African Americans
Derogatory
Born during era of when slavery was still legal in the Southern states
Dances were appropriated from slaves dancing
Performed by white men who would black up their faces with charcoal and shoe
polish
Leave gaps at their mouths to show how African Americans had big lips
First mass entertainment form that was popularized that was created by
Americans
Jim Crow comes from the minstrel show stage- refers to legal segregation and
terrorization. Meant to keep African Americans in an economically and politically
disenfranchised state
Popular Music Hits
First popular hit song to come out of the music industry in the US, “After The Ball”
by Charles K. Harris (1891)
Waltz style of music was very popular in the 19th century
Harmony is 2 notes, Chord is 3 notes
Classical/Art Music: Typically music that is composed and performed by formally
trained musicians and designed principally for listening. Not necessarily written with the
intention of being mass distributed or marketed.
When was first emerging, critics and philosophers discussed this to being the
highest form of music, elevated above popular songs or folk music of the day
That ideology has been highly questioned since the 19th century
Non-Western classical tradition wasn’t held to this same ideology
Folk Music: traditionally songs of people/ethnic group/linguistic group, etc. The songs of
these people are circulated and passed down through verbal tradition. Sing songs
together in formal settings together
Widely preserved in early-mid 20th century as part of efforts to define and
document “national culture”
Pop Standard: pop music written for one singer, usually broadway (early-mid 20th
century)
Before microphones singers had to amplify their voice and specific trained way
Pruning singing style- Bing Crosby
World Music or Global Pop- Popular music around the world
First half of 20th century, music production was based primarily in north america
and western europe
Markets for recorded music expanded dramatically in the mid-late 20th century-
partly due to increase of technology and availability in recording technology
Cassettes allowed for recording and reproduction of music that was cheap,
allowed for countries with fewer economic resources to access music
Internet today allows people to access music instantly from all over the globe
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