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[PHILOS 22] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 42 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHILOS 22
Professor
Julius A J
Study Guide
Final

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UCLA
PHILOS 22
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Philosophy notes book 8
pg 238
-women must help and children must learn in order for the city to function in future
-kings must have best philosophy when war comes around
-auxiliary must have belonging, but little things themselves and focus on taking care
of city
-must observe citizens of city to determine which is best and worst
pg239
-four constitutions
-Cretan or Laconian "praised by many"
-oligarchy: filled w/ hosts of evil
-Democracy: antagonistic to oligarchy
-Dictatorship: 'noble' tyranny
-Other forms: dynasties, purchased kingships
-Humans must understand and follow constitution in order to govern city
-Five cities=five individual souls
-study the 4 constitutions to discover the unjust in the city
pg 240
-Find unjust and most just to determine purity of justice/injustice
-must look at virtues of character through the constitution
-Then find it in individual
-democracy to democratic man, oligarchy to oligarchy man, etc.
-must come to understand each of these men
-How timocracy emerges from aristocracy?
-How will the city change? How would class emerge? Will you pray to gods?
-Not every constitution will last forever
-Will be destroyed by natural selection and revolution
pg241
-Leaders of city will eventually fail to meet demands and protect city
-cycle is comprehended by the perfect number
-(3x4x5)x(3x4x5)=(3x4x5)^2
-The geometrical number controls better and worse births
pg242
-Older generations will choose best of young children
-1st time rulers attaining power will pay less attention to musical training
-younger will become more unbalanced
-Rulers chosen from that generation won't be able to govern well
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-harmonious inequality: Two races, iron and bronze/gold and silver
-Iron and bronze: pull constitution towards money making
-Gold and silver: are poor but rich in the soul, virtue & old political system
-Two work together creates feudal system and serfs: creating aristocracy or
oligarchy
-Will it manage on its own or imitate first constitution?
pg243
-While managing the land, working class will have communal meals and physical
training
-men are no longer simple and earnest, mixed. suited for war and desire it
-men adore money and will hoard it
-They have neglected Muse: companion of discussion and philosophy
-One thing stands out: love of victories and honors
-Is an outline sketch of constitution: why it exists
pg244
-Who is the man that follows this constitution?
-Man must be stubborn and less trained in music, not skilled in speaking
-Lover in physical training and hunting/harsh to slaves and citizens
-Would look down on it when younger, but would love it as he got older
-not pure in virtue, lacks the best guardian
-must be pure in virtue by having reason mixed w/ musical training
-Timocratic youth comes to be
-wife is not valuable bcuz husband is not ruler
-Husband doesn't understand her value and doesn't want money
pg 245
-Mother puts faith in son as result bcuz husband is unreliable
-Servants tell son father is unreliable as well
-Urge son to punish those people when he's a man/ become more of a man then dad
-As a result, nourishing appetitive and spirited elements
-Surrendering to proud and honor-loving man due to the bad environment
-description on how a man comes to exist
-oligarchy: rich rule and poor has no say
-How timarchy is transformed to oligarchy?
pg 246
-greedy men hoarding gold will destroy the constitution
-When wealth is honored in a city, virtue is considered less
-victory and honor-loving men end up loving money
-Will they end up passing laws to control the greed? Or will it benefit greedy?
pg247
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