[EDSP 2100] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (18 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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EDSP 2100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Chapter 1: Purpose and Promise of Special Education
Exceptional Child: child that differs from the norm (above or below) to such an extent that they
require an individualized program of special education and related service to fully benefit from
education
o The ter disailit is ore restritie eause it does’t ilude gifted studets
4 key terms
o Impairment: loss or reduced function of a particular body part/organ
o Disability: impairment limits ability to perform certain tasks
o Handicap: problem/disadvantage, encountered when interacting with environment
o At risk: children who have a greater-than-usual chance of developing a disability
More than 6.4 million children and youth with disabilities, ages 3-21, received special education
services in 2012-2013 school year
Student special education is 13% of school population
Twice as many males receive special education
There are 3 to 5 million academically gifted and talented children
Benefits of labeling
o Recognized meaningful differences in learning/behavior
o Provides access to accommodations and services not available to those without labels
o Helps practitioner and researchers communicate with one another and classify and
evaluate research findings
o Helps ake eeptioal hildre’s speial eeds ore isile to policy makers
o Funding and resources
Disadvantages of labeling
o Focuses on what students cannot do
o May stigmatize and lead to peer rejection
o May cause teachers to heave lower expectations for student
o May negatively affect self-esteem
Alternatives
o Lowest achieving 20% and highest 20%
o Classification according to curriculum
o Rosa’s la etal retardatio to Idiidual ith Disailit
President Obama 2010
Laws
o Exclusionary past
Children who were different have often been denied full and fair access to
education opportunities
o Separate is not equal
Special education was strongly influenced by social developments and court
decisions in the 1950s and 1960s (ex: Brown v. Board of Education)
o Equal participation
PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
All children are entitled to FAPE
FAPE: Free Appropriate Public Education
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Purposes
o First special education law: PL 94-142 (now renamed IDEA)
o Ensure children have FAPE
o Federal law, not state law
o Major principles
Zero reject
Nondiscriminatory evaluation
IQ test
FAPE
Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
Students with disabilities being in a place where they learn the best
Percent of time a child spends in a regular classroom
Does’t ea that the are i a regular lassroom
Procedural safeguards
Parent participation and shared decision making
Paret’s 1st signature is permission to test. Another signature is needed
to place the child
o Other provisions of IDEA
Special education services for preschoolers
Early intervention for infants and toddlers
IFSP (Individual Family Special Plan)
Assistive technology
Scientifically based instruction
Universal design for learning
o Legal challenges of IDEA
ESY (Extended School Year)
Special education in summer but regression must be proven
Armstrong v. Kline
FAPE & related services
Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley
Disciplining students with disabilities
o Special education students cannot be expelled for more than 10
das a ear. If the disailit is h the’re getting in trouble,
the the oe ak. If it’s ot, the the sta our ut are
provided special education help
o Special education students cannot be disciplined the same as
regular students
o Stuart v. Nappi
Right to education
o Timothy W. v. Rochester School District
o Priate shools do ot hae to follo IDEA if the do’t aept
federal funds
Related legislation
o 504 (section of Rehabilitation Act)
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