[PSYC 1100] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (13 pages long)

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PSYC 1100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Psych 1100- Lectures 1 and 2
Lecture 1: What is Psychology?
- Psyche: Greek meaning relating to breath, soul, spirit, and mind
- Study of mental events
- Ancient Greeks spoke of this with Plato and Socrates
- Psychology as a science
- A group of scientist, called “Structuralists” headed by Titchener trained people to
observe their own mental events
- Through introspection: a subjective method
- Problem: lacked objectivity- could not be observed by scientists
- Watson started “Behaviorism”
- Behavior can be observed, knowledge about behavior can be validated
- Study of brain events
- What we cover: Experimental, Social (how we act in groups), Developmental (throughout
life), Industrial (In labor relations), Behavioral Neuroscience (how brain works), Clinical
(Meetings with psychologist)
Lecture 2: Aspects of Scientific Psychology
- 2 types of knowledge
- Empirical: Gained and validated from senses and environment
- Example: It’s snowing outside
- Science is an empirical form of knowledge: Through experiments and
observations
- Not all empirical knowledge is scientific
- Non Empirical Knowledge
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- No observations needed to gain or prove knowledge
- Logic and Math
- Validated by logical analysis of consistency
- Metaphysics (beyond physics)
- Ethics, religion
- Gained by revelation
- Not validated by experience or logical analysis
- Not proved, just accepted
- Back to Science
- What we learn in highschool:
- Observe
- Form Questions
- Form hypothesis
- Test Hypothesis
- Form general theories or laws
- Goal of science: To formalize parsimonious laws
- Formalize: to state a proposition in an unambiguous way
- Law: A statement about relationships amongst events
- Examples: The gas law
- Must be able to verify and falsify
- Cannot be proven right, only proven wrong
- Parsimony: Simplicity and stinginess
- Scientist narrow laws
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