[SOCI 1251] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (52 pages long!)

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SOCI 1251
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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SOCI 1251 Social Problems
Professor Wallace
Study Guide for Final Exam
Material for the final midterm exam will come primarily from the readings in Chapters 17 through 24 of
the Wright and Rogers textbook, the lectures, the out of class videos, and any in-class videos.
The exam will consist of four sections worth a total of 120 points:
1) Multiple choiceThere will be 40 multiple choice questions relating to democracy. This section is
worth 60 points (50% of the grade).
2) Identification of termsYou will be given eight terms and must provide complete definitions for
five of them. This section is worth 20 points (16.7% of the grade).
3) Essay Given two out of the 8 choices, and answer. This section is worth 20 points (16.7% of the
grade).
4) Multiple choice cumulative section-- There will be 20 additional multiple choice. This section is
worth 20 points (16.7% of the grade).
Questions from the videos may appear in the multiple choice section of the exam, but not on the
identification of terms or essay portions.
Key Terms and Concepts: The following list is of terms and concepts will help you in all three phases of
the exam the multiple choice questions, the identification of terms, and the essays. Terms with an
asterisk (*) by them are candidates to appear as one of the terms that you will be asked to identify on
the exam.
Chapter 17:
Individual freedom
- Positive freedom
- Ailit to ake oes o hoies.
- Private decisions
**Libertarianism (much more private, little bit public) vs. Democratic socialism (much more public than
private)
Democracy
- ‘ule  the people
- Decisions made as an independent community reflect the collective will of the people rather
than elite forces.
Two ways democracy can be limited
Scope of democracy*
- Sometimes the public is excluded from making decisions that greatly affect the
public.
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Process of democracy*
- Some people have more power than others in terms of decision-making.
Robust democracy*
- Participation of people is fully robust
- Civil society (people engaged and involved in knitting community together)
Thin democracy*
- Participation of people are weak
- U.S. is an example of a thin democracy (Russians interfering with election process, people trying
to refrain african americans from voting, etc)
- Low voter turnouts
Koch brothers*
- Private organization.
- One Koch brother = 2000 union member.
- Want to get rid of unions and government intervention
- Secretly funding a lot of campaigners for politics.
- Donated to a lot of fre-market organizations
Aeias fo Pospeit
- Nonprofit organization
- Consists of Koch brothers and other wealthy businessmen, get together to pour money into
election/political funds. (indirectly related to campaigners)
Constraints on democracy:
Demand constraint*
- Thees a ostait o the thigs that ou a dead i tes of eostutios
- Topics that you can put on the table for political discussion.
- Cannot tell a corporation to get rid of 1000 jobs and leave and go to Mexico, but in a
capitalist deoa thats oka
- Military affairs (dirty wars ex), Off the table for the American people to have a say in the
military affairs.
- *Occupy wall street (issue of corporate greed; citizens trying to push corporate greed
onto their topic of discussion, but the capitalists pushing back)
- Social movements getting started (trying to expand the domain of conversation)
- ***what is conventional/allowed to talk about
Resource constraint*
- Resources available to them in order for them to talk about it
- Resources available:
- *********ability to act and the ability to pay
- “oeties it eoes atioal to e igoat / the dot hae eough tie to at,
or they cannot pay
- Those that donate a lot of money have the ability to have more than just one vote, and
can easily manipulated the minds of the uneducated
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