Section - midterm review

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40-50 multiple choice questions know perm number & TA pink 8.5 x 11 par score & pencil Free will vs. Determerminsi Free will - un caused cause - nothing influences ultimate decision (i.e. only your choice to go to concert) Determinism - everything has a cause - also outside influences (i.e. friends to go to concert, ticket price) Mind Brain Problem - Monism - mind and brain are same thing - only 1 exists other is illusion - - idealism - all is thought - material world is fiction - materialism - all is explainable by physical world properties - Dualism - mind separate from brain - - cartesian dualism - interactionism - mind controls brain and body - Brain in vat problem - where consciousness resides, where are we if bran & body separated Nature vs Nurture - what has more influence over behavior - Nature - genetics, much of development is predisposition but upbringing effects - - most traits are interact of traits AND environment - Nurture - anything outside of genetics, society, media, how raised, attitude, value, religion, politics BIopsychology - Language area of brain - nonfluent Brocas aphasia - broke n speech but comprehension intact - - has trouble producing speech but can still understand others - speak in fragmented words - Fluent or Wernickes aphasia - - comprehension is missing Localized Functions corpus callosum - thick fiber that appendages and allows left & right to interact motor cortex - responsible for movement Sensory cortex - parietal lobe - Occipital cortex - responsible for vision Part of brain responsible for hearing closest to ears Parietal lobes - language 7 math & spacial Split brain patients - left = language in 90% Sleeping and Dreaming - Circadian Rhythems - natural rhythm - - controlled by pacemaker neurons in SCN hypothalamus - reset by the sun - Ultradiam Rhythms - many times a day - - cycle every 90-100 mins - controlled by pacemaker neurons in pons - regulates cycles of alertness by day and our flipping between Rem and NREM sleep - Sleep deprivation - - mild - mild cognitive impairment - multiple nights leads to progressive cognitive, motor, immune function impairment - microsleep - nodding off - can alleviate depression temporarily - or trigger mania - REM Rebound on resuming sleep - deeper REM sleep Sleep stages - slow wave sleep - non rem - - slow metronomic eye movements - 75%-80% of agh night - deep relaxing sleep - Stage 1 - relaxed, daydreaming, point of no return - Stage 2 - gateway in and out of REM - Stage 3 &4- deeper physiological relaxation, deficient thermoregulation, growth hormone spurts - REM - rapid eye movement - - 20-25% sleep - paradoxical because brain is active but paralyzed - - more vivid dreams - maybe brain paralyzed so people dont do this - EEG resembling wakefulness - heightened physiological activity - sexual tissues erect to keep them healthy - strate tissure relaxed because body paralyzed Dreams - occur during rem and slow wave - initiated by pre-frontal area of brain - Non rem dreams are harder to recall because areas of brain are shut off - dream time is real time - - most dreams reflect current lfe preoccupations
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