[ANT 2301] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (67 pages long!)

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ANT 2301
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Sexuality: A complex area of study that
focuses on all aspects of humans as
sexual beings
***What does it mean to be sexually
"normal"?
Subjective: Anything you do and
anyone who does what you do is
normal
1.
Statistical: Behaviors that are most
common are normal
2.
Idealistic: Normal equals
perfection/something to be striven
for
3.
Cultural: Common behavior within
your social group is normal
4.
Clinical: Normal behavior is that
which is healthy and safe
5.
The 5 Meanings of Normal
The concept of "normal" is difficult to
pin down
Fear of being "abnormal" often can
lead to sexual confusion and
inadequacy
If you think you are "abnormal", the
odds are that you are not.
"the very existence of standards of
normality breeds negative
psychological consequences for
those who deviate - that is known as
the 'social control' function of
norms"
-
What we think we know about sex
-
Personal Sexual Philosophy
Where do these experts get their data?
Is it valid?
We are often misinformed, and only about 15% of the media
that portrays sex talks about the risks and precautions
What Does the Media Tell Us?
We are left feeling inadequate because of the unrealistic
representation in the media and movies
Movies and Media: "an exaggerated or overly ideal view of
human sexuality"
Job of social science is to describe
variation in sexual behavior and beliefs
Sexuality, Normalcy, & Sex Ed
Tuesday, June 28, 2016
9:25 AM
Human Sex and Culture Page 1
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representation in the media and movies
What does this tell us about the sexual norms of the past
and present here in the US?
Ex: It is illegal to have sexual relations with a porcupine
Ex: When having sex, only the missionary position is legal
Which sexual behaviors are illegal?
Condoms and safety precautions are forgotten
It makes sexual partners feel inadequate
"What counts as sex"
That everyone has similar sexual preferences
That encounters are longer than they are in the real world
What is Pornography Teaching Us about Sex?
Popularized in the early 200s
Stresses accurate information about
sex and sexuality
Acknowledges that teens have sex
Encourages teens to make
responsible personal decisions about
sexual behavior
Comprehensive
Resist engaging in sexual activity
Wait until marriage for sexual
intimacy
Without sex, there is no need to
educate about contraception/STIs
Abstinence-Only
How is Sexuality Taught?
Scientific Method
Systematic sampling reduces
overgeneralization
1.
Explicit criteria for causality reduces
illogical reasoning
2.
Systematic measurement reduces
selective and inaccurate observation
3.
Primacy of empirical data reduces
resistance to change
4.
Peer Evaluation checks our scientific
approach and analyses
5.
aims to reduce errors in everyday reasoning
Samples need to represent population
"Self-Selection Bias"
Only someone who is comfortable
with the size of their penis would
volunteer for it to be measured
Most studies depend on volunteers
Mainly liberal, middle class
Most studies take place in university
setting
Ethnic minorities are underrepresented
Reduce Sampling Bias
Warnings to Evaluating Info About Sex
Human Sex and Culture Page 2
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