[HLT 3303] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 12 pages long Study Guide!

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HLT 3303
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Obesity
1.
Mental Health
2.
Gun Violence & Gun Control
3.
Youth Incarceration
4.
Trends in Child Health
Asthma
High cholesterol
Cardiovascular disease
Type II diabetes
Also social problems such as depression and low self
-
esteem
Obesity epidemic and associated chronic condition
Shortened lifespan
Greater increase from 1980s to 2000s All ages, racial groups and gender groups
Obesity in adult hood
Heart disease
Type II diabetes
Stroke
Several
types of cancer
Can lead to
Seen as
normal
, happens to all children
Def of adiposity rebound: the trend of children typically gaining weight quickly
in the first year of life, then a time of either decrease or stabilization of BMI until
about 5
-
6 years old, then body weight and BMI increase again through
adolescence and finally stabilizes in adulthood
Bad because it increases adult obesity 6x more likely
Def of "early" adiposity rebound: high rate of obesity of pre
-
school aged kids,
which is considered "early"
Adiposity rebound vs early adiposity rebound
Childhood obesity and how it connects with adult obesity
When more energy is consumed than used it turns into fat, which leads to weight gain
"energy balance": when the amount of energy consumed is the same amount of energy
used
Failed interventions cause shift in focus to maternal behaviors
Interventions focus on diet and physical activity
Access to green
-
space & cheap healthy foods
Effects of crime, pollution and other safety issues
Differences in racial & ethnic minorities and low income families
Obesity1.
Goes beyond not having a mental health
Definition: ability to cope w/stress, work, productivity, and reach one's potential
Definition for children: reaching developmental and emotional milestones in good time,
good social skills and learning to cope with emotions and skills
Problems can start as a kid and go into adulthood
Family history
-
having a family member with a mental illness is the greatest known
Factors
Mental Health2.
Chapter 2:Current State of Child Health in the US
Sunday, January 22, 2017 12:58 AM
Health of Elementary School Child Page 1
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Family history
-
having a family member with a mental illness is the greatest known
risk factor for developing a mental disorder
Physical health environment
SES
Racial/minority status
Untreated kids are more likely to have behavior problems in school
The average delay between onset of symptoms and getting treatment is 8
-
10 years
Promote public awareness of children's mental health issues and reduce stigma
associated with mental illness
i.
Continue to develop, disseminate, and implement scientifically proven prevention and
treatment services in the field of child mental health
ii.
Improve the assessment Of and recognition Of mental health needs in children
iii.
Eliminate racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in access to mental health care
services
iv.
Improve the infrastructure for children's mental health services, including support for
scientifically proven interventions across professions
v.
Increase access to and coordination Of quality mental health care services
vi.
Train frontline providers to recognize and manage mental health care issues, and
educate mental health providers about scientifically proven prevention and treatment
services
vii.
Monitor the access to and coordination of quality mental health care services
viii.
In 2000 the Surgeon General's Conference on Child Mental Health came together to set
goals for the mental health of children:
Missed/inaccurate diagnosis
Shortage of child mental health doctors
Treatment costs
Lack of proven treatments
Barriers to managing mental illness
Autism specific checks are 18
-
, 24
-
and 30
-
month visit
Most go unnoticed until the child begins school
Only around 30
-
50% check for a mental illness
Mostly worked with children on Medicaid
~ 0
-
3 years old
ABCD (Assuring Better Child Development) wanted to help with better child diagnosis
Harder to diagnose as children grow, but school helps with this
AAP (American Academy of Pediatricians) recommendations for early development
screening during well child visit from birth to 5 years old
children with a mental illness have difficulties during this stage of life because they
don’t want to appear different, so most of the time they won't say anything to anyone
Adolescence
National Debate
More than 200,000 young people die or are injured yearly by firearms
Exposure to gun violence contribute to stress, low grades, delinquency, substance,
lower sensitivity to violence
1/3 of all homes with children have guns
Campus carry
Debate over regulations
Moms demand action: in response to Sandy Hook Shooting, and incongruity of some
of the nation's dealing with child safety
Ban automatic firearms and large magazines of bullets
Background checks for anyone wanting to get a firearm
AAP: wanted more stringent gun laws
Public health positions on gun control
Gun Violence3.
Health of Elementary School Child Page 2
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