Test 1 - Lecture 3.docx

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University of Illinois
Political Science
PS 280

Lecture 3  Post Cold War Era and Expansion of States  Breakup of Soviet Union (15)  Breakup of Yugoslavia (7)  193 recognized states today  South Sudan  Relevance of State Remains  States control:  The use of force  Google’s presence  CEO of Google went to N. Korea to try and get into those markets. Part of our lives.  Entry into the country  Who is a citizen and who gets to be a citizen is controlled by the state  Domestic laws; tax policies  States control your laws and tax policies  Growing Challenges to State Sovereignty  Globalization and communication  U.S. tweets about pollution in China  A way China cannot control domestic politics and foreign policy  International Organizations: UN, NATO, WTO  Press state and challenge states to do things they would not ordinarily do  *UN can put pressure on Syria. Not changing Syria, but putting pressure on it to act.  Economic Interdependence: 2011-2012 EU Crisis  *Greek economy has impact upon on all of Europe.  The state is challenged by economic development elsewhere in the world  Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)  Embarrass states at times and force them to make decisions when they may not want to  *NGOs brought unwelcome attention to government because what it was doing was wrong  Transnational threats: AIDS, Environmental pollution  These are issues that cannot be solved by one country alone. Ties states together whether they want to be or not.  Global Moral norms: “Right To Protect  Responsibility to intervene into a country to help put down and stop that government from doing something that is wrong, hurting people, etc.  In cases like this, state borders don’t matter. The world may say, “We have to go in.”  *Libya – clear violation of human rights that other states cannot stand by and watch.  Moral idea accepted around the world.  Cultural Homogenization  The idea that cultures are sort of going away and becoming, increasingly, one culture.  Western and American culture more accepted. Many more people are speaking English, getting Twitter, using cell phones, etc.  Wealthy people in the world want what people in the U.S. have  *Golf course in Egypt – Green lawns in middle of desert  *Russia working to avoid American culture; want movies to be mostly Russian  Liberalism or “Idealism”  Foundational Thinkers  Immanuel Kant  Wrote book in 1795 – “Petual Peace.”  Democracies more peaceful than non-democracies  Been proven correct by many IR measures – difficult today to find Democracies in war with other Democracies  Woodrow Wilson  Went to Paris at end of WWI with 14 Points – One of the points was to create League of Nations. Felt International Organizations promote diplomacy and diplomacy promotes peace  Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)  Ke
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