Post Cold War Era and Expansion of States
Breakup of Soviet Union (15)
Breakup of Yugoslavia (7)
193 recognized states today
Relevance of State Remains
The use of force
CEO of Google went to N. Korea to try and get into those
markets. Part of our lives.
Entry into the country
Who is a citizen and who gets to be a citizen is controlled
by the state
Domestic laws; tax policies
States control your laws and tax policies
Growing Challenges to State Sovereignty
Globalization and communication
U.S. tweets about pollution in China
A way China cannot control domestic politics and foreign
International Organizations: UN, NATO, WTO
Press state and challenge states to do things they would not
*UN can put pressure on Syria. Not changing Syria, but putting
pressure on it to act.
Economic Interdependence: 2011-2012 EU Crisis
*Greek economy has impact upon on all of Europe.
The state is challenged by economic development elsewhere in the
Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)
Embarrass states at times and force them to make decisions when
they may not want to
*NGOs brought unwelcome attention to government because what
it was doing was wrong
Transnational threats: AIDS, Environmental pollution
These are issues that cannot be solved by one country alone. Ties
states together whether they want to be or not.
Global Moral norms: “Right To Protect
Responsibility to intervene into a country to help put down and
stop that government from doing something that is wrong, hurting
people, etc. In cases like this, state borders don’t matter. The world may say,
“We have to go in.”
*Libya – clear violation of human rights that other states cannot
stand by and watch.
Moral idea accepted around the world.
The idea that cultures are sort of going away and becoming,
increasingly, one culture.
Western and American culture more accepted. Many more
people are speaking English, getting Twitter, using cell
Wealthy people in the world want what people in the U.S.
*Golf course in Egypt – Green lawns in middle of desert
*Russia working to avoid American culture; want movies
to be mostly Russian
Liberalism or “Idealism”
Wrote book in 1795 – “Petual Peace.”
Democracies more peaceful than non-democracies
Been proven correct by many IR measures – difficult today
to find Democracies in war with other Democracies
Went to Paris at end of WWI with 14 Points – One of the
points was to create League of Nations. Felt International
Organizations promote diplomacy and diplomacy promotes
Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)