[ART-HIST 110] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 36 pages long Study Guide!

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UMASS-Amherst
ART-HIST 110
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Art History 110 Lecture 4 1-30-17
Baroque Art: in the low countries and France
Europe in 17th century
-Netherlands under Spanish rule
-Flanders were Catholics
-To the north of Flanders was protestant Dutch
-church was major art patron
-bourgeois middle class, wealthy enough to commission art
Flemish art
Elevation of the cross by Peter Paul Rubens
triptych-three panels
middle panel was the crucifixion
left panel is people mourning
Right panel is roman soldiers
Made specifically as an altar piece
Commissioned by Antwerp church of St. Walpurga, later moved to
another church nearby
Rubens learned from Michelangelo's works how to depict nude
Michelangelo's Creation of Adam depicts heroic nude similar to what
Rubens did
The painting has a diagonal sweep effect, making you look at Christ's face
compares to Conversion of St. Paul because it is very in the moment and
shows the dramatization in their faces
light and shadow was likely inspired by Caravaggio
Laocoon and His Sons , a scupture inspired by Homer's Iliad contains the
same type of physical pain, realism, and a muscular body pushed to it's
limits
Peter Paul Rubens studied how to depict muscular bodies and did black
chalk on paper sketch of the marble sculpture
Colors resemble Titian's detail especially of the sky and sun, particularly
in central and left panel
brings in northern way of making art such as details, like the shapes of the
leaves, the dog's hair, reflective surface of armor
shows his attention to accurate description
naturalism or realism because he's a northern artist
combined many major artists tendencies to create memorable, unique
piece
baroque- wants you to experience as if you're there
Still life painting
popular in Dutch republic
life that doesn't move
Clara Peeters from Antwerp- did still life with flowers goblet dried fruit and
pretzels
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attention to detail shown with the transparency of the glass, metal's shine from the
window, intricate texture of nuts and raisins
the light of the window reflects off surfaces
there is a hidden self portrait in the metal and also a reflection of the source of
light, the window
Theme of death despite outwardly neutral scene
flowers will die, food will be eaten, wine will get drunk
Inserting herself with the self portrait creates immortality and shows she's
mastered tools of the craft
Additionally a kind of self promotion
captures self portrait while seated in front of scene, so likely it was what you
could actually see if you were sitting there
The Dutch republic
Popular art: still life, portrait, landscape, and genres showing everyday scenes
different artists specialized in each of these different types
Judith Leyster
Belonger to Haarlem painters guild
1 of 2 women initiated for membership, so it was a big deal
Had her own workshop and students
in workshop she presented herself as professional
In her famous self portrait she was dressed elegantly wearing big collar and
velvet skirt
wouldn't dress like that while actually painting but did it to present herself in
certain light
shows herself as a well educated, affluent, but also shows herself at work
in front of her is work in progress
It was entitled simply, self portait
Appears to be working on genre painting of man playing violin
Merry company alluded to the kind of paintings she was associated with
self portrait was another type of painting but declares ability to do portraits as
well as genres
advertising various skills by emphasizing two types of brushwork: tight brush
work on her face and loose brushwork on skirt and genre painting that she is
painting in the picture
Shows she can hold brush in certain ways for various effects
Merry company was discovered to be Leysters later because owner covered it
with different (male) painters signature but her signature was later uncovered
Johannes Vermeer
Dutch artist
master of genre painting
primarily did Dutch interior genre scenes
Woman holding a balance
makes small everyday scene appear grandeur
woman holds balance in delicate hands
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