Chapter 1: Biology and the Tree of Life [MIDTERM 1 MATERIAL]

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOLOGY 151
Professor
Mark Huyler
Semester
Fall

Description
​BIOLOGY STUDY GUIDE: Chapter 1 Biology and the Tree of Life Key Concepts: What is life? Cell Theory? Hypothesis Testing Phylogenic Tree What is Life? 5 fundamental characteristics of organisms: Procure and use energy Made up of cells Processes genetic information Capable of reproduction Continuously Evolving Cell Theory? (1600’s) Early Evidence of Cell Theory Pattern: All organisms are made up of cells Robert Hooke Cork Trees (30X) Anton van Leewenhoek Blood and Sperm (300X) Scientific Method/Hypothesis Testing (1800’s) The Experimental or Scientific Method Process: All Cells arise from pre-existing cells. Rudolph Virchow Spontaneous Generation Louis Pasteur Hypothesis Testing Null Hypothesis (H o) Test Hypothesis (H A) Pasteurization -> long
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