Comparative Politics Notes Part 6 - I got a 4.0 in this course

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Political Science
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FINAL: Next Tuesday, December 10, 2013 in Thompson 104 10 IDs - 30% (3 points each) • Choose from a list of 15 • Define, identify source (author or film), give significance 2 Essays - 70% (35 points each) • Choose between two questions for each essay • Linking parts one and two of the class • Dropping requirement of 2 authors and 2 country cases “Cheat sheet” One page of notes Double-sided No “sharing” Organize thematically - main components of arguments *Go back and study take home exams* No questions IDENTICAL to take home exams, but similar concepts - see what you missed and why Themes: regime change, economic growth, democratization The way the syllabus is set up, we talk about different topics each week See how development in part 1 and part 2 of the class connect and overlap with each other - FIND CONNECTIONS December 2, 2013 Democratization and Democratic Stability Challenges and Prospects for Democracy Today Bolivia Challenges to Democracy • States Corruption • • Nation • Elite - Mass Divide (Goni) • Very common in Third World countries • The elite and the common people can’t communicate with each other • Racial/Class Divide (Indigenous Movement) • Market • Economic Crisis and Controversy over Natural Gas • Bolivian Election 2002 (Democratic Crisis) • Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (MNR) 22.5% • Evo Morales (MAS) 20.9% • Manfred Reyes Villa (NFR) 20.5% • Democratic outcome is not a governable outcome • Movie: “Our Brand is Crisis” • Role of Greenberg, Carville, and Schrum (Consulting Firm) Outside attempts to help may hurt • • Democratic crisis (like Gore v. Bush) can happen because it is BEARABLE in developed democratic nations but NOT in Bolivia, where there is a new democracy • Goni had WEAK support, only winning by 22.5% of the population • The best indicator of whether or not a democracy will survive is the length of time it HAS survived • Handing over power is the most challenging part of democracy - every time there is a transition of power in Third World countries hold their breath: are people really going to hand power over to the opposition? Political Institutions • Constitutional Design • Relationship between different branches of gov’t • Electoral System • Mode of electing representatives Constitutional Design • Presidentialism (US, Latin America) • Executive and legislative branches elected separately • Separation of powers is “sacred” in US Other countries with democracy do not see executive and legislative branches are
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