Biology101- Study Guide #2.docx

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University of Massachusetts - Boston
BIOL 101

• 1. A substance passing through the membrane with the help of a transport protein and requiring no energy is: Facilitated diffusion • 2. When substances are released to the outside of a cell, it is: Exocytosis • 3. According to ________, energy cannot be created or destroyed: the first law of thermodynamics • 4. The diffusion of water across a membrane is by: osmosis • 5. IsATP: Adenosine triphosphate • 6. Chemicals that inhibit an enzyme’s activity by competing for the enzyme’s active site are called: competitive inhibitors • 7. Respiration ________, and cellular respiration ________.: is gas exchange . . . producesATP • 8. Which of the following statements regarding photosynthesis and cellular respiration is true? Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respiration occurs in mitochondria • 9. Fast twitch muscle fibers are rich in mitochondria: False • 10. Which of the following options lists the stages in cellular respiration in the correct order? glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation • 1.One type of virus that infects bacteria is called a: Phage • 2. Which of the following people conducted the exper
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