HHP 2200 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Muscle, Aerobic Exercise, Obesity

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HHP 2200
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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Chapter One & Pages 17-20
Physical Activity: any bodily movement that results in energy expenditure (burning calories)
Exercise: a specific type of physical activity that is planned, repetitive, and done for a specific purpose
Physical Fitness: is a set of measurable physiological parameters
Kinesiology: the study of the mechanics of the body
Taxonomy of Physical Fitness
Health-related fitness
(things that are thought to improve health and decrease risk for chronic diseases and injuries)
Aerobic capacity/ stamina
o Aerobic exercise increases your endurance and cardiac health while anaerobic exercise will not
only help you burn fat but also help you gain lean muscle mass.
Muscular strength/ endurance
Flexibility
Body composition
Skill-related fitness
(fitness parameters) (important for successful movement; may/ may not be related to health outcomes)
Balance
Speed/ Agility
Coordination
Power
Lecture 1/18
Physical Activity- essential to Health & Wellness
-contributes to multiple aspects of wellness
-PA prevents and treats many health conditions
Public Health
*Purpose- Promote and protect health and prevent disease and disability in defines populations and
communities
Focus on population health and prevention
Shift over last 100 years
o From infectious disease (communicable- one person can transmit disease from one
person to another)
o To chronic disease (non-communicable- cannot be passed from one person to another;
cancer, obesity, diabetes)
Top causes of death used to be infectious disease and now they are more chronic diseases
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Dimensions of Wellness
Physical
Physical functions of the body
Occupational
Persoal “atisfatios ad erihet i oe’s ork life
Social
Contributing to society
Relationships
Intellectual
Creative and stimulating mental activities
Ex. You are able to focus and study after exercising
Spiritual
Search for meaning and purpose in human existence
Emotional
Aareess ad aeptae of oe’s feeligs
Public Health Areas of Specialization
1. Epidemiology and Disease Control
a. Epidemiology: The basic science of public health; the study of distributions and
determinants of disease and disability in populations
b. Relies on stats and surveillance data
c. Applies to infectious and chronic disease and their determinants
i. How many people meet the PA guidelines?
ii. Allows us to measure objectives from Healthy People 2020
2. Environmental Health
a. Environment: all that is external to the host organism- including physical, biological, and
cultural influences
i. Ex. The air we breathe, the food we eat, our safety at work
b. The branch of public health that focuses on the relationship between people and their
environment
3. Health Promotion and Health Educations
a. Focuses on the behavioral aspect of health
b. The development of individual, community, and systemic strategies/ programs to
improve health knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behaviors
c. Key questions and areas in health promotion:
i. Why do certain people exercise and eat healthy and some do not?
ii. How do I increase positive health behaviors in a certain group of people?
d. ** Your zip code determines your life expectancy
4. Health Administration and Policy
a. The field relating to leadership, management, and admin of hospitals, health care
systems, and public health systems as well as laws and regulations of governments and
other institutions
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Document Summary

Physical activity: any bodily movement that results in energy expenditure (burning calories) Exercise: a specific type of physical activity that is planned, repetitive, and done for a specific purpose. Physical fitness: is a set of measurable physiological parameters. Kinesiology: the study of the mechanics of the body. Skill-related fitness (fitness parameters) (important for successful movement; may/ may not be related to health outcomes: balance. Top causes of death used to be infectious disease and now they are more chronic diseases. Perso(cid:374)al atisfa(cid:272)tio(cid:374)s a(cid:374)d e(cid:374)ri(cid:272)h(cid:373)e(cid:374)t i(cid:374) o(cid:374)e"s (cid:449)ork life. You are able to focus and study after exercising. Search for meaning and purpose in human existence. Emotional: a(cid:449)are(cid:374)ess a(cid:374)d a(cid:272)(cid:272)epta(cid:374)(cid:272)e of o(cid:374)e"s feeli(cid:374)gs. The air we breathe, the food we eat, our safety at work. Laws for immunizations, helmet safety laws, no smoking laws, food and drug administration. People in this field deal with the issue of balancing moral obligations to minimize risks in a population.

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