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ART HIST 202- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 43 pages long!)


Department
Art History
Course Code
ART HIST 202
Professor
Dan Fuller
Study Guide
Final

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UW-Madison
ART HIST 202
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Early Renaissance Art
The 15th century
- Accurate representation of the human body, mathematical proportion
- 15th c. Italians were able to use ruins for inspiration
- Humanism: idea that philosophy, education, and expansion of knowledge develops;
contrast with the divine in the medieval era
- Emphasis on fame and individual achievement
- Development of everyday language (Italian)
- Medici: powerful banking family that later became dukes of Floree Cosio il
Vehio de Medii, Lorezo il agifio de Medii, aker to the pope; reatio of
public libraries and art academy
A. Filippo Brunelleschi, Dome of Florence Cathedral, Florence, Italy, 1420-36
a. Dome was built later; ability to show superiority to other places in Italy
(especially Siena); biggest in Italy
b. 138 ft across; invention of anchored scaffolding that gradually moved up to
dome the cathedral
c. Duomo: cathedral in Italy; ribs of cathedral helped support different shape but
the pointed arches are gothic. Lantern at top allows emitting of lights
d. Dome has two shells, made of brick and stone
B. Masaccio, Tribute Money, Brancacci Chapel, SantaMaria del Carmine, Florence, Italy;
c. 1424-27; Fresco.
a. Depiction of biblical scene of Jesus and disciples needing money to enter a city,
miraculously finding money in a fish in order to enter city
b. Artist is osidered Giotto reor
c. Now stands in the Brancacci Chapel in the Sta Maria del Carmine
d. Took 32 days to paint; a continuous narrative because Peter is shown three
times (symbolic of denial)
e. Figures have weight and mass
f. Natural light would be coming in through windows in cathedral that shows up in
the painting
g. Use of different types of perspective
i. PERSPECTIVE: technique used to represent 3D objects/spaces on a 2D
surface in a way that looks accurate and realistic as the eyes see it.
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ii. Aerial or atmospheric perspective; distant objects look bluer and blurrier
to the eyes
iii. Linear perspective: mathematical system of creating space that allows
for 3D space on a 2D surface. Convergence of Orthogonal lines on a
vanishing point (Christ)
iv. The closer to the viewer,the bigger they are; the smaller an object is, the
more far away it is
C. Masaccio, Holy Trinity, Santa Maria novella, Florence, Italy. C. 1424-27; fresco
a. Gives the illusion of architecture; way cheaper than building a cathedral
b. Subject is trinity and the crucifixion of christ, but also figures at the bottom and
skeleton
c. Devotional and narrative image
d. God in piece stands up, ability to see his foot
e. Mary and St. John in the piece, as well as likely the donors of the image (Lenzi)
but they are separate from the piece at the same time
f. Use of linear, one point perspective; example of consistent, mathematical
accuracy
g. Architecture references to classical era with columns
h. Perspective huge in the piece, almost as important as the figures within them
9/21/17
D. Donatello, David, c. 1440-60; Bronze
- Nearly life size, traces of gold in the bronze
- Stood in courtyard with Judith and Holofernes i the Mediis ourtyard
- Coissioed y Cosio de Medii
- Sculpture cast in the mound
- First fully free standing, large scale, nude male bronze since Classical era
- Incredibly expensive, strong material that allowed branching out with limbs
- Only thing more expensive than bronze was a building
- “tadig i the pose ith statues eight o oe leg appears; suggest oeet
and naturality
- Wated to ake a dyai ie fro eah agle; figure is adrogyy ad doest hae
the athletic figure
- Figure is sassy, very unusual
- David is a symbol of Florence itself; thought of themselves as an underdog
E. Donatello, Penitent Magdalen, 1455, wood
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