PSYC 3110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Direct Instruction, Sentence Clause Structure
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DI LP 4 Sentences
Four Types of Sentences: 7th Grade, Language Arts
A Sample Direct Instruction Lesson1
John H. Hummel, Valdosta State University
1 Based on R. E. Slavin (2003) Educational Psychology (7th ed). Boston: Allyn and Bacon (pp. 221-237);
and Rosenshine, B., & Stevens, R. (1996?) Teaching functions. In M. Wittrock (Ed.), Handbook of
research on teaching (3rd ed.) (pp. 376-391). New York: Macmillan.
DI LP 4 Sentences
Grade 7: Language Arts
Strand: Grammar and Usage
Standard: Writes sentences according to purpose: declarative,
interrogative, imperative and exclamatory.
Step 1: Orient Ss to Lesson:
Whenever we talk or write we use different types of sentences. When Billy
screams at his sister, that is a different type of sentence than when Billy tells his sister
that their Mom wants her, or when he asks his mother for his allowance.
Today, we are going to learn about the 4 different types of sentences and how to
punctuate each, and how to take the same idea and express as each of the 4 types of
sentences. The four types of sentences are Declaratory, which simply makes a statement
of fact, Imperative, which makes a command, Interrogatory, which asks a question, and
Exclamatory which demonstrates a high level of emotion.
Now let’s look at what you each will have to do after today’s lesson.
After the lesson on types of sentences, Ss will:
1. list and define in their own words using complete sentences the 4 categories
of sentences with 100% accuracy.
2. state the correct end punctuation associated with each of the 4 types of
sentences with 100% accuracy.
3. when given 12 sentences without end punctuation, correctly punctuate at
least 10 of the sentences.
4. when given 20 sentences, label at least 17 correctly as to the type of sentence
each is in no longer than 15 minutes.
5. when given a topic, Ss will write an example of each of the 4 types of
sentences for the topic with 75% accuracy.
6. on a homework or in-class assignment, Ss will, when given a topic, write at
least one 5-7 sentence paragraph on the topic that employs each of the 4 types
of sentences with 75% accuracy (correct grammar and spelling).
1. List and define in their own words using complete sentences the 4 categories
of sentences with 100% accuracy. (Comprehension)
a. Write the name of one of the 4 types of sentences.
b. Using the text or notes, copy the definition of the sentence.
c. Using a thesaurus, re-write the definition using paraphrasing.
d. Punctuate each sentence according to its type (period, exclamation point, or
e. Repeat a-d for the remaining 3 types of sentences.
DI LP 4 Sentences
2. State the correct end punctuation associated with each of the 4 types of
sentences with 100% accuracy. (Knowledge)
a. Write the names of the 3 types of end punctuation
b. Write the symbol for each end punctuation.
c. Write period for Declarative
d. Write Period for imperative
e. Write question mark for Interrogatory
f. Write exclamation point for Exclamatory.
3. When given 12 sentences without end punctuation, correctly punctuate at
least 10 of the sentences. (Application)
a. Write the name and symbol for the 3 types of end punctuation.
b. Write the name of each of the 4 types of sentences
c. Write next to the name of each sentence type the end punctuation it
d. Read the first sentence, if it makes a command or states a fact, used the period;
if it asks a question, use a question mark; if it demonstrates a high level of emotion, end it
with an exclamation point.
a. Make 4 columns and write the name of the 4 sentence type, one in each
b. Under the declarative column write, ends with a period; for imperative write,
ends with a period; for interrogatory write, ends with a question mark; and for
exclamatory write, ends with an exclamation point.
c. Read first sentence. If the sentence makes a command, label it imperative and
end it with a dot; if the sentence simply states a fact, label it declarative and end it with a
dot; if the sentence asks a question, label it interrogatory and end it with a question mark;
if the sentence conveys a high level of affect, label it exclamatory and end it with an
d. Repeat step c for remaining sentences.
4. When given 20 sentences, label at least 17 correctly as to the type of sentence
each is in no longer than 15 minutes. (Application)
a. read first sentence; if there is an !, write exclamatory next to it
b. if the sentence ends in a ?, write interrogatory next to it.
c. If the sentence ends in a ., write I or D. Re-read sentence; if sentence merely
states a fact, label it declarative; if the sentence is a “power statement,” label it