[SCMA 323] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (13 pages long!)

49 views13 pages

For unlimited access to Study Guides, a Grade+ subscription is required.

VCU
SCMA 323
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
SCMA 323 - 001
Friday, January 20, 2017
Lecture 2
Key Topics:
Chapter 1
Where did our legal systems come from? England
English Common law system relies on judicial precedent, common to all the
people
French Napoleonic Code
Louisiana uses a different law system, remaining 49 states use the common law
system
Three Types of courts in England
o Law courts
Tried by a jury, what the law says, money judgment
o Equity courts
Money judgment (automobile accident)
Chancery courts, decided based on fairness
o Courts merchant
Contracts, trade
Sources of Law
o Constitution
State constitutions, must be consistent with the U.S. Constitution
(1) Sets up the Three branches of government (system of checks
and balances)
Legislative
o Writes the laws
o Able to override a veto with two-thirds majority
over executive branch
Executive
o Enforces the law
o Able to veto legislative laws
Judicial
o Decides disputes under the laws
o Whether or not constitutional
(2) Grant individual rights
(3) Tenth amendment: Federalism, anything that is not reserved
in the constitution under federal control is reserved to the states
o Statutes
Federal or state issues (specific)
Passed by the legislative branch
All the states have two houses except Nebraska or Kansas
Codes are always written law
o Treaties
Only federal law
Negotiated among the executive branch and ratified by the
legislative branch
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o Ordinances
Enacted by localities or by commissions
Usually deal with minor things like cities parking fines, zoning,
etc.
o Executive Orders
Statements, orders written by the president (state level: governor,
mayor)
o Regulation
Can only be enacted under the authority of the legislative branch
Stare deeisis: (Latin) “Let the decision stand”
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class