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Study Guide

SLWK 422- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 35 pages long!)Premium

35 pages90 viewsSpring 2018

Department
Social Work
Course Code
SLWK 422
Professor
Yeatts
Study Guide
Final

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VCU
SLWK 422
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Why is it important for social workers to understand policy?
How change is made (Medicaid, SNAP).
To create new programs.
Helps us help others.
Flint water crisis issues
Policy did not adjust to the new water source; no corrosion control.
Infrastructure was not updated.
Discount dissenters.
EPA transparency laws.
Disenfranchisement.
Disconnect between policymakers and the issue.
Redlining.
Housing policy.
Accessibility to transportation services, money, health care.
Welfare state
The welfare state typically refers to the federal government’s efforts to provide
welfare supports to citizens.
Welfare states range widely across the world in their comprehensiveness and
types of support offered.
In the US, the welfare state is most often thought of as a social safety net,
designed to help their citizens who are not able to meet their basic needs through
other means.
Social policy
Social policy refers to laws passed by federal, state, or local lawmakers with the
aim of addressing a social issue or a societal condition.
Social policy is most often concerned with the regulation and provision of benefits
so that people may meet basic needs.
Origins of US Social Welfare
The US social welfare system has its roots in the poor laws of Elizabethan
England.
From the fall of the Roman Empire until the 16th century, a feudal system was
present in Europe.
A feudal lord held land, on which he permitted serfs to live, farm, etc.
The feudal lord provided protection, basic rights, and basic assistance to
serfs in return for work, taxes, and a share of agricultural products.
Elizabethan Poor Laws
Because of the changing structure of English society, the English Poor Laws
were initially enacted in 1601.
Consolidated and built upon three previous laws beginning in 1350.
The Poor Laws were the first major attempt at social welfare policy and have
been highly influential in social policy in much of the world since then.
Characteristics of the EPL
Differentiation between worthy/unworthy poor.
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“Lame/impotent/old/blind” were sent to an almshouse.
Clergy controlled these houses that would take care of people with
disabilities.
“Able poor” were sent to a workhouse.
“Idle poor/beggars” could be sent to house of correction.
The unit of control was the local parish, which was responsible for enforcing the
law (local control).
Children of poor parents could be removed from the home and sent to
apprenticeship.
Property owners paid the paris to care for the poor.
Aid was only available in the place of one’s settlement.
History of social welfare
Before Civil War, the US did not have a formal welfare state.
We didn’t want a King.
Based on the Elizabethan Poor Laws, US society was based on the principle that
local communities should be responsible for their own poor and needy.
Indoor relief favored over outdoor relief in most cases.
Indoor relief: institutions (almshouses, workhouses, correctional facilities).
Outdoor relief: money, food, clothing, etc.
Thought giving benefits would decrease the motivation to work.
Following the Civil War
Civil War pensions were awarded to Union soldiers...first large scale social
welfare program in US history.
But there were catches: African Americans excluded, Confederate soldiers
excluded.
Long process of proving eligibility, but once proven, survivors could also receive
benefits.
Freedman’s Bureau provided basic support for freed slaves.
Developed and funded under Lincoln.
Helped families reunite, helped with education, which the Bureau
considered to helpful for employement.
Monitoring contracts between African Americans and whites, especially
regarding land use and farming.
Andrew Johnson vetoed bill to renew Freedman’s Bureau in 1866
because he believed it encroached on state’s rights and offered too much
assistance.
Lost most of its funding by 1869, and the program was abandoned in
1872.
After this, no expansion of welfare state for several decades.
Urbanization
Following the Civil War, there was a massive migration to industrial northern
cities.
Inflow of immigrants in early 1900s added to urban strain.
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