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Monash University
General Education Studies
James Roffee

State responses to victims: creating prisoners Prisoners  National prison surveys show prisoners are more likely than the general population to: o Be unemployed. o Be of low social class (or SES). o Have multiple mental health problems. o Have many criminal convictions. o Have martial difficulties. o Have experienced abuse or neglect. o Have reduced social and economic capital.  Removed from society and then returned to it. Secondary victimisation  Is characterised by engagement in victim-blaming attitudes, behaviors, and practices, which result in additional trauma for sexual assault survivors. o Some call it post-crime victimisation or double victimisation. o Concerns further victimisation following on from the original victimisation incident. o E.g. victim-blaming, inappropriate post-assault behaviour or language by police or doctors, or other organisations that may further add to the victim’s suffering.  Linked to oppressive and hostile beliefs.  The product of victim’s lack of social acknowledgement and legal representation further intensifies victim’s trauma. Numbers in NSW prisons Prisoner population. Families of prisoners.  10,000 people in custody on any  Up to 150,000 people in given day. community directly affected.  20,000 - 30,000 cycle through  71,833 registered child visitors in annually. NSW.  Just 7 areas of Greater Sydney  51% visiting a family member. account for 43.4% of prison  Majority of prisoners in NSW population and only 3 Sydney come from only ten suburbs. suburbs account for 30% of the Sydney-based women prisoners. Negotiating the CJS  Bail, remand, courts, what will happen, etc.  Prisoners’ families remain largely ‘forgotten victims’.  Mapping support: o Without appropriate support are families victims of the system? o Are the community also victims? o Significant problems for families centre around finding out what has happened to their relative. Arrest Post- Release Court Families Release Sngtenci Incarcer ation  Issues for and impacts on families: o Stigma. o Shame. o Isolation. o Child behavioural issues. o Child care. o Emotional impact. o Grief and loss. o Emotional support. o Welfare impact. o Accommodation. o Financial impact. o Debt. o Lack of support & information. o Court processes. o Practical assistance. o Legal assistance.  Families of prisoners – financial loss: o Supporting someone in prison may cause increased levels of financial insecurity due to:  The loss of one income.
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