PSYC 3210 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Optical Illusion, Asian Americans, Counterfactual Thinking

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Europeans would say it is the gazelle in the foreground. Culture and math: the ability to do math is a universal human psychological process. In many languages, the number system is a base 10 system, with unique words for the numbers 1 through 10. Indicate that, even without formal educational systems, members of all cultures learn math skills. Culture and problem solving: problem solving: the process by which we attempt to discover ways of achieving goals that do not seem readily attainable, syllogisms: e. g. all children like candy. Individualistic groups have been shown to be more creative than collectivistic groups. Summary: social orientation hypothesis: cultural differences in individualism versus collectivism are associated with differences in social orientation patterns that affect the ways individuals attend to and think about their worlds. Independent social orientations emphasize self-direction, autonomy, and self- expression, which fosters a tendency to focus on a single dimension or aspect when categorizing objects or evaluating arguments.

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