Chapter 9 (eighth reading): the rise of rome and the roman republic (753- 121 bce) : the romans were particularly good at assimilating cultures, there were two movements of indo-europeans into italy. Q-speakers + p-speakers: q-speakers -> dialect turned into latin over 2000-1000 bce. Inhabited rich agricultural plain of latium (hence latins: p-speakers -> dialects included oscan and sabellian, were the italic peoples (such as the. The celts : the celts or gauls were of the hallstatt culture, celts were like the greeks. Composed of many different groups rather than one nation or one giant country. Each was governed by a rex (king) or a council of warrior aristocrats. Celtic economy was primarily agriculture, although they maintained a trading network where celtic metalwork was prized: they were crazy fighters. Had torques around their necks and the only way to remove these was by decapitating a slain warrior.