CLASSICS 2MT3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-13: Sclera, Retina, Cytostasis

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Classics 2MT3 Textbook Notes
Chapter 1: Terminations
A.COMBINING FORMS
Three types of word terminations
1. Primary suffixes: Child-HOOD, child-ISH
2. derived suffixes: child-ISH-NESS, child-LIKE.
3. inflectional endings: child’S, child-REN, child-REN-’S.
Primary Suffixes
cannot stand alone as words, cannot be divided into smaller parts, indicate if
word is a NOUN or a VERB
Verb Endings
X-ize: sympathize- to (do the action of) x
finalize- to make (something) x
Adjective Endings
X-al- pertaining to x
X-ic- “””””””””””””””””
x-ous- “”””””””””””””””””””””””””
x-ary- “”””””””””””””””””
x-ar- “””””””””””””””””””
x-an-””””””””””””””””””
x-ine-”””””””””””””””””””””””””
x-ac-””””””””””””””””’’’’
x-oid- resembling x
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All other word terminations indicate that a word is a NOUN
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x-ia: an abnormal condition involving
x-ist: one who does the action of (x)
one who specializes in (x)
x-in: a substance (which does the action of) x
DERIVED SUFFIXES
either a compound consisting of two or more elements which function together as
a single meaningful unit (child-ish-ness)
or less commonly a word or base which functions like its a suffix.
Abstract Nouns
words describing medical disorders (diagnostic)
words describing examination or treatment (therapeutic)
DIAGNOSTIC
14. it/is: the inflammation of ______.
adjectives need to be started by adjectiable words (pertaining to)
laryng/oid/it/ic- pertaining to the inflammation of something resembling the larynx.
(plural)
15. Io/rrhex/is: the rupturing of ______.
cuborrhectic (adjective) pertaining to rupturing of cube.
cub/o/rrhect/ic
if something that cannot be ruptured, it will be: Pertaining to the rupture of
something pertaining to ______.
16. o-schis-is: the splitting of______.
cranioschisis: the splitting of a skull (NOUN)
cranioschistic- pertaining to the splitting of the skull (adjective)
- not cranioschitic because it will confuse itic (inflammation), and ic (pertaining to)
17.ias/is: abnormal presence of_____.
craniasis- abnormal presence of a skull (NOUN)
caniastic (ADJECTIVE) - pertaining to the abnormal presence of dogs.
18. o-clas/is: the breaking of_____.
iconoclasis- breaking of icons
iconoclastic- pertaining to breaking of icons
iconoclast? (p16 #72)
19. os/is: abnormal condition involving_____.
neurosis: abnormal condition involving nerves
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