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Chapter wk9

GPHY 229 Chapter Notes - Chapter wk9: Human Rights Activists, Pension, Neocolonialism

Course Code
GPHY 229
George Lovell

of 3
Week 9
Landscapes Chapter 5 landscapes of conflict and resistance
5.1 Conflicting ideologies, contested landscapes
- Foucault power = a microprocess of social life. Runs through the whole social body not just
the state or political system
- Power is exercised and reproduced, not just possessed
- Hegemony power easier than getting power through force
o Hegemony must be upheld to justify power. Can change over time
- Resistance to power is multiple
- Hegemony = habitual (not conscious in many cases)
- Henri Lefebvre the site of everyday life = site of resistance & active struggle
- Streets; names and street life; everyday life examples of resistance/conflict
5.2 Symbolic resistance
- Symbolic resistance; landscapes of spectacular and extraordinary/out of the ordinary e.g.
carnivals, parades. Carnivals; ordinary hierarchy/order is suspended. Symbolic resistance
and temporary inversion of normal hierarchical relations e.g. Rio carnival allows women to
transcend usual femininity
- Mardi Gras parade Sydney; inverts heterosexual social relations
- Take Bak the Night ahes; fo oes safet
- Berlin street names changed as political situation changed. Also in Stockholm; working
classes resisted the changes, used the old names anyway
5.3 Overt conflicts, contested terrains
- 5.3.1 Resisting and excluding the marginal
o Spatial exclusion creates social boundaries. Hegemonic control maintained. Resist
facilities/services in their area; prevent negative externalities like property price
o Public space = space of exclusion
o E.g. hoeless people i LA laelled as the Othe; justifies elusio.
o Exclusion of prostitutes from public space
o Sde esistae to Mosue uildig; put Musli populatio i the othe
atego. Isla didt elog i the Austalia atioal idetity as white Christians
envisaged it
Landscapes of Resistance: Community Opposition to Canadian Mining Operations in Guatemala
Alexandra Pedersen 2014
- La Puya, Guatemala; community members peacefully blocked entrance to El Tambor mine
1. Gold deposits here exploited by Canadian mining company
- Guatemala Ministry of Energy and Mines approved 387 licenses for metallic mining 2012-
2013 at odds with local wishes and values for their land
- Deelopet esoue etatio? Couities disagee that the eed this
- Worked with community members to voice their experiences. Promote social justice
- La Puya was formed by locals wanting to oppose El Tambor mining project
find more resources at oneclass.com
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- Goal; otetualise La Puas stuggle agaist the lage eolieal eooi deelopment
agenda. And; amplify the lived experiences of those in this place who together resist the
- 1960-96; violent armed conflict in Guatemala. Still lacking peace.
- Racial exclusion (mainly of indigenous Maya people) and physical and psychological
perseutio. Loal atiists see as got oppositio/ee ad thus eadiated.
- The conflict separated Maya people from traditional landscapes; hard to reconnect
- Human rights violators in Guatemala not held accountable.
- Murder and assassinations still very common in Guatemala. Violence is direct result of the
- Human rights defenders (HRDs) targeted alongside maya people
- Cultue of ipuit – no charges against people targeting HRDs
- Hua ights auses; attak those i the a of deelopet
- Canadian mining companies as neo-colonial conquistadors
1. Canada = major world power in extraction industries
2. Fedeal Got faous oluta poliies ot foal egulatios ad legal liailit;
mining companies can neglect indigenous, human and env rights both nationally and
abroad. Get government support and funding to operate dubiously abroad
3. 2011 Canada adopted CSR policy; insufficient to address longterm damages
4. Miig eplos /5 of Caadas okfoe. Natioal pesio pla is ased o
mining profits abroad
5. MNCs atios/ights iolatios aoad daage Caadas eputatio.
6. Canadian mining is most in Latin America
7. Post-1996 (end of war) investment by Canadian mining companies in Guatemala; 4th
wave of colonialism there
MNCs have greater power over natural resources than natives
- El Tambor mine
1. Disoeed . Got peit gated  Fe  ‘adius Gold I. BC.
2. ‘esistae ouit aose; oeed fo loal e, ate sait, ad hildes
futures. Roadblock, peaceful. Mix of identities in this group.
3. Canadian mines in Guatemala have been root of conflicts
4. La Puya demand cancelling the El Tambor mining license
5. Oqueli Veliz, community leader, shot by masked gunmen at La Puya (for her anti-
mining stance, and leadership in community resistance)
6. August 2012, Radius Gold Inc. sold the mine to Kappes, Cassidy & Associates (KCA),
7. Guateala got potet iestet/deelopet oe thei itizes hua ights
8. ‘eoke El Tao iig liese eause its e ipat stateet ast
comprehensive and no consultation with locals before granting the licence
- Development for whom?
- Poe ist just oad ad ontrol.
- Place-creation at La Puya; response to global pressures. Reclaim space from the powerful
[mining company] by occupying place.
- Ancestral links to env and concern for local env health outweighs potential benefits of
resource extraction for locals.
- Nonviolent resistance is more successful than violent opposition.
-  Aodig to Mithell "[l]adsapes defie, ad ae defied , a geogaph of justie ad
ijustie" 5: 5
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- Resistance drives social and env institutional change
- La Puya is an example of greater Guatemalan community resistance to extractive industries.
Self-determine development is prioritised in these cases over development from mining.
Widespread displacement of indigenous Guatemalans
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find more resources at oneclass.com