PSYC 235 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Auditory Hallucination, Schizotypal Personality Disorder, Persecutory Delusion

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Chapter 13: schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. It affects every aspect of being: perception, thought, speech and movement. Majority of people living in canada with the disease are unemployed and living in poverty. Affects about 1 in 100 people at some way, shape or form at some point in their lives. Emil kraepelin provided a description of schizophrenia in 1899. Combined several symptoms of insanity once thought to be separate: catatonia: alternating immobility and excited agitation, hebephrenia: silly and immature emotionality, paranoia: delusions of grandeur perception. Thought that these had similar underlying features combined to be dementia praecox: distinguished this from manic-depressive disorder (bipolar disorder) as for dementia, early onset and poor outcome were essential for diagnosis but not for the latter. Also noted hallucinations, delusions, negativism, and other stereotyped behaviour. Believed that difficulty keeping a consistent train of thought was characteristic: kraepelin on the other hand, focused on early onset and poor outcomes.

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