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Chapter 4

Chapter 4 - Origins of scientific psychology in America

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 308
Professor
Kathleen Slaney
Semester
Spring

Description
Chapter 4  Friday, February 28, 2014 9:12 PM Origins of Scientific Psychology in America American Psychology at the end of the 19th century 1. George Stanley Hall ‐ founded the first psychology laboratory and first  psychology journal in the America  ○ Nationwide effort to use psychology to enhance education ○ James Cattell‐used reaction time method of Donders to measure speed  of mental processes ○ New scientific disciple needed more than laboratories for research but also  journals to publish them  ○ The Child Study Movemet n ‐goal was to discover all that could be known  about a child (sensory capabilities, physical characteristics, etc)  Goals of this movement were said to be too ambitious, it eventually  collapsed ○ Genetic psychology  ‐opposed coed schools, unfortunate predominance of  women teachers, believed that education should be reserved for those  who could intellectually profit from it, call for education to include moral  and religious training ○ Heavily influenced by Darwin  ○ Psychoanalysis, religion aging  ‐ was fascinated by Freud's theories about  sex  Sought to define Jesus Christ in psychological terms ○ Promoted applied psychology ○ Contributed in the study of the development of childhood, adolescence,  and old age, (modern lifespan developmental psychology) 2. William James ‐started physiological psychology  ○ One of his key concepts was the stream of consciousness and its linkage to  selective attention   What we call simple sensations are results of discriminative  attention, pushed often to a very high degree  Noted that consciousness did not exist in bits or discrete units rather  it flowed like a stream □ Elemental analyses of consciousness is artific
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