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Chapter 1

PSYC 357 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Ontogeny, Continuity Equation


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 357
Professor
Wendy Thornton
Chapter
1

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CHAPTER 1: THEMES AND ISSUES IN ADULT DEVELOPMENT AND AGING
Biopsychosocial Model
-Biological
oPhysiological factors
oGenetics
-Psychological
oCognition
oEmotions
oPersonality
-Sociocultural
oSocial context
oHistory
oCulture
The 4 principles of adulthood and aging
Principle Meaning
Changes are continuous over the life span Individuals remain the ‘same’ even though they
change
Only the survivors grow old Aging individuals are increasingly self-selective
Individuality matters People vary within and between age groups
“Normal” aging is different from disease Intrinsic aging processes are different from those
associated with illness.
FOUR PRINCIPLES (p. 4)
1. Changes are continuous over the life span – continuity principle
oChanges that occur in later adulthood build on what has occurred in one’s past
oThough appearance changes throughout life, people still tend to feel they are the ‘same’
inside
2. Only the survivors grow old .
oConsider that very old individuals were not involved in fatal car accidents, natural
disasters, did not engage in risky bahvior i.e. drug, alcohol abuse
oMay be because they may have good genes (bio), are emotionally healthy (psych), or
have surrounded themselves with a good support system (social) + good luck
3. Individuality matters . (inter-individual differences)
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