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International Studies
Brian Orend

C HAPTER 1:C ORE C ONCEPTS AND H ISTORICAL C ONTEXTS COUNTRIES What is international studies?  The study of what goes on b/w countries  Either economically, in trades, health, culture, military, etc Let’s talk about countries.  About 200-220 countries in the world  Are either … - Independent - Owned by a country - Owned by countries.  International Public Spaces = spaces where any country can use them (for general benefit of humanity) - Exceptions to those three qualities - Ex. Antarctica, High Seas (middle of oceans) and Atmospheric near-space What defines a country? 4 elements define a country: 1.Territory 2. State 3. Culture 4. Population 4 ELEMENTS Description Territory • includes natural resources (food crops, water, animals, timber, etc) • physical environment defined by borders • has to have substantial terretorial size (Russia, China, Canada, etc) Population • population can be uniform and similar or be varied. - Ex. Canada is an "IMMIGRANT SOCIETY" - immigrants move here a lot • Nations: group of ppl seen as ONE * racial/ethnic background *common language *shared historical experiences * religious eliefs etc • Nationalism:"my country is great and better than yours” • -A need for CORE INFRASTRUCTURE (water, houing, transportation, etc) Culture  The way people live, think, behave  Split into HIGH and LOW - High: what is taught in museums, schools to preserve the culture - Ex. Claude Monet, Chopin’s pieces, Eiffel Tower - Low: everywhere in a culture; a behavior/belief - Ex. Diets, pop culture, sports, religion, languages  Secular, or non-religious, beliefs are increasing. (apparently due to Christianity)  See “Actors” of the World chart State  Government of a country  See “Actors” of the World chart “ACTORS” OF THE WORLD STATE NON-STATE Refers to NATIONAL GOVT. Non-State“Actors” of the world 1. Multinational Corporations ($)  Make rules & enforce them (legislation and executive, respectively) - big business with multiple units in multiple  Defend society from criminals (domestic and countries foreign) 2. Non-governmental organization (not for $)  Control membership & access (immigration and - Free the Children 3. Social movements (ex. Occupy) border) - Group of people devoted to a certain cause  Decides what is legal and what isn’t 4. Interest groups  Set ground rules (for everything)  Represent their society to the rest of the world - Similar to SM, but more politically involved, highly organized and tries to implement their  Declare war & peace views onto society - Economic and social policies - Ex. MADD, National Rgifle Agency - Build infrastructures 5. Churches/religious organizations - Respond to public emergencies, etc 6. Armed Forces  Many believe that Non-State powers are 7. Terrorism groups increasingly gaining power, especially MC. Is this - Ex. Al-Qaeda good or bad? 8. Insurgent forces - “Angry people with guns” - Usually for revolutionary purposes 9. Private militias - Not part of any country - Does not always have a political agenda - Exist to make a profit 10. PMC/Mercenaries - Selling military services to countries (people?)
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