Self Concept Development in Context.docx

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Management Sciences
MSCI 411
Shannon Hartling

Self Concept Development in Context – May 8, 2013  Our identities are shaped by our age, place, sex, sexual orientation, physical ability Language and Identity  If you live in a culture where everyone speaks the same language, then language has little impact on how you view yourself and others  When some speak dominant language or when second language is not prestigious, sense of being a member of an out-group is strong  Speaker of a non0dominant language can feel obliged to assimilate by speaking the better language or refuse to accommodate him and maintain loyalty to their ethnic language.  First Nations and Francophone Canadians o Residential school system for Natives – loss of their language and culture. They were taught English or French and had to follow Christian Values. o Lost their language and traditions and caused Aboriginals to lose their spirits as well. o Each language still spoken is fundamental to the personal, social and spiritual identity  Only ¼ of Canada’s North American Indian, Metis and Inuit know an Aboriginal Language  Preservation of French in Quebec has created controversy  Preserving the French language and culture continues as though majority of English-speaking Canadians believe that French culture is still safe, the French are less conviced of it.  The names a culture uses to identify its members reflect its values and shape the way members relate to one another  Within language systems, labels that members use to define themselves can reflect and help define the sense of identity. Cultural Values and Norms  Cultural values influence our thoughts, feelings, perceptions of ourselves and others  Degree to which a culture values the individual vs. the group; extent to which a culture accepts unequal distribution of power; degree to which members of a culture tolerate ambiguity; extent to which a culture places high value on completion of task at hand Individualism vs Collectivism  Individualistic culture – view their primary repsonisbility as helping themselves o Self reliance and competition o US, Canada, Austrailia, Britain o View themselves in terms of what they do o Relatively tolerant of conflicts and use a direct, solution- oriented approach and produce and reward superstars o Self is a separate, unique individual and should be self- sufficient and independent o Should take care of himself and immediate family o Many flexible group members, friends based on shared interests and activities o Reward for individual achievement and initiative, individual decisions encouraged o High value on autonomy, change, youth, secur
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