PSYCH101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Hexaco Model Of Personality Structure, Machiavellianism, Snickers

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1 Aug 2016
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PSYCH 101 – Chapter 12 (Personality) Notes
Personality – Characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving that is unique
to each individual, and remains relatively consistent over time and situations
Idiographic Approach – Focusing on creating detailed descriptions of a specific
person’s unique personality characteristics
Nomothetic Approach - Examines personality in large groups of people, with the
aim of making generalizations about personality structure
Personality Trait – Describes a person’s habitual patterns of thinking, feeling, and
behaving
Five Factor Model – Trait-based theory of personality based on the finding that
personality can be described using 5 major dimensions: Openness,
Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism (pg. 495)
HEXACO Model of Personality – Five Factor + Honesty-Humility
Dark Triad – Refers to 3 traits (Machiavellianism, Psychopathy, Narcissism) that
describe a person who is socially destructive, aggressive, dishonest, and likely to
commit harm in general
1. Machiavellianism – Tendency to use people and to be manipulative and
deceitful
2. Psychopathy – General tendency toward having shallow emotion responses
(Veer toward highly stimulating activities, Get thrill out of conflict, Feel very
little empathy)
3. Narcissism – Reflects an egotistical preoccupation with self-image, and an
excessive focus on self-importance
Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) – Highly problematic set of personality
characteristics that involve 3 key tendencies:
1. Obeying orders and deferring to the established authorities in a society
2. Supporting aggression against those who dissent or differ from the
established social order
3. Believing strongly in maintaining the existing social order
State – Temporary physical or psychological engagement that influences behaviour
(Ex. Friend lashing out at waiter because he was hungry – Eat a Snickers)
Saucier’s 4 General Aspects of Situations that are Most Likely to Influence our
Behaviour:
1. Locations
2. Associations
3. Activities
4. Subjective States
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