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REC100 Chapter Notes -Motivation, Neoteny, Conspicuous Consumption

Recreation and Leisure Studies
Course Code
Zara Rafferty

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Rec 100 – Winter 2015 Module 1 Sanya Arora
Module 1
TEXTBOOK: Chapter 1
The Classical View of Leisure (Leisure as a state of being):
Classical view emphasizes “contemplation, enjoyment of self in search of
knowledge, debate, politics and cultural enlightenment”
“Classical” = ancient civilization.
In ancient Greece there was a clear distinction between work, recreation and
oWork = provide for life’s needs
oRecreation = rest from work
oLeisure = noblest pursuit in life
Aristotle thought that “Both occupation and leisure are necessary, but leisure is
higher than occupation.” He also equated leisure with “freedom from the
necessity of labour. It has an intrinsic pleasure, intrinsic happiness and intrinsic
felicity. It is a necessity, both for growth in goodness and for the pursuit of
political activities”
Leisure is closely related to diagoge, or cultivation of mind, and contemplation, or
the search for truth.
Leisure is necessary for virtue, ethical development, and good government.
Classical view of leisure = see leisure as a spiritual attitude
Aristotle saw leisure as an arena through which an individual developed character
and participated in the affairs of the community
In Hinduism: Pravritti = active life. Nivritti = contemplative life, which is
associated with leisure
The Leisure as activity (“non-work” activity that people engage during their free time –
apart from obligations of work, family and society)
Activity view of leisure is known as the utilitarian view (aka the activity was
engaged to achieve a benefit, ie. Physical health)
Virtuous activities by which a person grows morally, intellectually and
Leisure is an activity – apart from obligations of work, family and society – to
which the individual turn at will, for relaxation, diversion, or broadening his
knowledge and his spontaneous social participation, the free exercise of his
creative capacity
Dumazedier said that leisure had 3 functions
Development of personality
Robert Stebbins developed the concepts of 3 types of leisure
Serious leisure

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[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]
oThe systematic pursuit of an activity that participants find so substantial
and interesting that they launch themselves on a career centered on
acquiring and expressing its special skills, knowledge and experience
o3 types of serious leisures: Amateurs, hobbyists, and volunteers
oThe distinctive qualities of serious leisure are:
The need to persevere/continue
Finding a career of achievement
Making a significant personal effort
Getting a long-lasting tangible and intangible benefits or rewards
Strong identification with the activity
Unique ethos or social world of the participants
Casual leisure
oAn immediate, intrinsic rewarding, relatively short-lived pleasurable
activity requiring little or no special training to enjoy it.
oCentral characteristic = pleasure
oPlay, relaxation, passive or active entertainment, conversation, sensory
stimulation, or casual volunteering.
Project-based leisure
oShort-term, moderately complicated, though infrequent, creative
undertaking carried out in free time.
oTakes planning and sometimes knowledge and skill
oIe. One-shot projects: investigating ones genealogy or decorating the
house for Christmas every year.
oIn Islam, leisure activities fulfill 3 desires:
Amusement, relaxation and laughter
Rhythmic tunes and experience objects through the senses
The desire to wonder, learn and gain knowledge
Leisure as Free Time
Defined as: “The portion of time that remains when time for work and basic
requirements for existence have been satisfied”
People started to work during a certain time of day, ie. 9-5. So that meant that
after work was over, that was now called your “free time” and that time became
synonymous with leisure
When leisure is viewed as “free time” then it takes into account a few factors such
oHow long a person lives
oWhen a person retires
oThe length of a person’s workweek
oPart time or full time job
oLength of vacations, etc.
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