Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Sociology (245)
SOC 101 (156)

Soc 101 Week Three Readings.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

Soc 101 Week Three Readings-Chapter 5 Chapter Five: Culture -Culture: a complex collection of values, beliefs behaviours and material objects shared by a group and passed on from one generation to the next Origins of Culture Why cannot determine the ‘start’ of culture? 1. Little material evidence 2. Much of culture is non-material 3. Development interconnected with culture -Social Life: hominid ancestors far back as 4.4 million years ago -Parental Care: Larger brains, evolution of earlier birth (before more time in womb) -Pair Bonding: Male/Female 2.4 to 1.9 million years ago -Subsistence: hunting tools 2.6 million years ago -Environment Adaptation: caves, fire and sewing -Thought language, art and religion Defining Features of Culture  Culture is learned: language, attitudes, values, world viewslearned  Culture is shared: as people interact they share  Culture is transmitted: passed from generation to generation  Culture is cumulative: as members refine beliefs the build on cultural foundations  Culture is human: animals are social but not cultural -Material Culture: tangible artifacts and physical objects found in a given culture -Non-Material Culture: intangible abstract components of a society including values and norms -Values: beliefs about ideal goals and behaviours that serve as standards for social life -Norms: culturally defined rules that outline appropriate behaviours -Folkways: Informal norms that suggest customary ways of behaving -Mores: norms that carry a strong sense of social importance and necessity -Law: type of norm that is formally defined and enacted in legislation -Sanction: a penalty for norm violation or a reward for norm adherence Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism -Ethnocentrism: tendency to view one’s own culture as superior to all others -Cultural Relativism: Appreciation that all cultures have intrinsic worth and should be evaluated and understood on their own terms -Culture Shock: the feeling of disorientation, alienation, depression and loneliness experienced when entering a new culture  Honeymoon: admiration and awe  Crisis: Different values, signs leading to confusion  Recovery: understanding, recognizing values  Adjustment: function effectively with anxieties and stress Language and Culture -Symbol: something that stands for of represents something else -Language: a shared symbol system of rules and meanings that governs the production and interpretation of speech Language Extinction  When language is lost the culture loses its most important survival mechanism  700 languages presents today and over half of them in risk of extinction in the next 100 years  Each time we lose language we lose knowledge  When a language dies so does related myths, folk songs, legends, poetry and belief systems  Demise of the world’s language hinders exploration of the human mind Does Language Define Thought?  Supir-Whorf Hypothesis: assertion that la
More Less

Related notes for SOC 101

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.