SOC101 Chapter Notes -Relativism, Linguistic Determinism, Symbolic Interactionism

18 views4 pages
30 Jan 2013
Department
Course
Soc 101 Week Three Readings-Chapter 5
Chapter Five: Culture
-Culture: a complex collection of values, beliefs behaviours and material objects shared by a
group and passed on from one generation to the next
Origins of Culture
Why cannot determine the ‘start’ of culture?
1. Little material evidence
2. Much of culture is non-material
3. Development interconnected with culture
-Social Life: hominid ancestors far back as 4.4 million years ago
-Parental Care: Larger brains, evolution of earlier birth (before more time in womb)
-Pair Bonding: Male/Female 2.4 to 1.9 million years ago
-Subsistence: hunting tools 2.6 million years ago
-Environment Adaptation: caves, fire and sewing
-Thought language, art and religion
Defining Features of Culture
Culture is learned: language, attitudes, values, world viewslearned
Culture is shared: as people interact they share
Culture is transmitted: passed from generation to generation
Culture is cumulative: as members refine beliefs the build on cultural foundations
Culture is human: animals are social but not cultural
-Material Culture: tangible artifacts and physical objects found in a given culture
-Non-Material Culture: intangible abstract components of a society including values and norms
-Values: beliefs about ideal goals and behaviours that serve as standards for social life
-Norms: culturally defined rules that outline appropriate behaviours
-Folkways: Informal norms that suggest customary ways of behaving
-Mores: norms that carry a strong sense of social importance and necessity
-Law: type of norm that is formally defined and enacted in legislation
-Sanction: a penalty for norm violation or a reward for norm adherence
Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism
-Ethnocentrism: tendency to view one’s own culture as superior to all others
-Cultural Relativism: Appreciation that all cultures have intrinsic worth and should be evaluated
and understood on their own terms
-Culture Shock: the feeling of disorientation, alienation, depression and loneliness experienced
when entering a new culture
Honeymoon: admiration and awe
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.