SOC101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Critical Race Theory, Twinkie Defense, Ritualism In The Church Of England

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10 Aug 2016
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Course
Education 23:06
Importance of education in society
Education is considered critical to economic development
Knowledge or learning: society underscores this role of education
Preparing for changing and uncertain future
Changes in Education
Education is formal learning in institutions that provide learning activities and
credentials
Informal learning: activities arranged and undertaken by individuals to acquire new
knowledge
At the beginning of the 20th century, only three-fifths of pupils enrolled in public
schools attended regularly
Most left school by their early teens
Unlike them, today’s students:
Are exposed to diverse subjects and projects to choose from
Are personally, stylistically and culturally varied
Have access to extensive learning and community resources
In 19th- and early 20th – century Canada, schools in smaller communities and rural
areas remained uncertain and irregular
Pupil attendance was sporadic
Lack of funds
Inability to attract qualified teachers
20th century educational system in Canada
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centralization – teachers were highly qualified, had to complete teachers college
enabled by transportation
expansion due to the baby boom
increased number of students completing high school
increased emphasis on post-secondary education
community college system introduced in the 1960s and 70s
Education in the learning society
Education is central to the new economy
The new economy relies on rapidly changing information technologies and scientific
advancements
This demands that employees:
Have capacities to employ new technologies
Have a capacity for lifelong learning
Can apply their knowledge to emergent situations
Theories of education
Structural functionalism
Human capital theory
Symbolic interactioism and microsociology
Conflict theory
Feminist theory
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Structural Functionalism
Takes over functions previously fulfilled by family, community and religious
organization
Education: fulfills two functions (parsons):
Manifest – functions that are formally recognized that school systems do
Latent – things that schools do that are not formally stated
Example: school keeps youth crime down
Symbolic Interactionism
Education as a process composed of social relationships and negotiations among
teachers, students and parents
Labeling theory
Howard Becker, Robert Rosenthal
Teacher-expectancy effect
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Conflict Theory
Education is a device for allocating individuals to unequal economic positions
Instrument of elite domination
Hidden curriculum, bestowal of status
Hidden curriculum (kacson, 1968)
Rules around appropriate behaviour
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