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Chapter 1

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Family Studies
FMST 210
Maria Weatherby

Chapter 1 Independent QuestionsI The Scientific Study of Human Development1 Define developmental psychologythe scientific study of agerelated changes in our bodies behavior thinking emotions social relationships and personalitiesA Philosophical Roots2 Identify the key ideas and the implied parental responsibilities ofa The doctrine of original sinall humans are born with selfish and stubborn nature humans must seek redemption by leading a disciplined life Childsinful parentsintervene to correct childs immoral tendencies b RousseauInnate Goodness All human beings naturally good and seek out experiences to help them grow Children only need nurturing and protection to reach full potential Good development when no environmental interference poor outcome when encounter frustration Childgood parentnurture and protect c LockeBlank Slate Empiricism humans possess no innate tendencies and all differences among humans due to experience Children have blank slate molded by adults and childhood environment Childneutral parentsshape behavours d If you attended an elementary school that endorsed a policy to reduce teacher control because students are viewed as naturally possessing the desire or internal motivation to work hard this policy would best reflect the ideas of b Choose between 2 a b or c B The Study of Human Development Becomes a ScienceSince the 1930s philosophical ideas have been translated into scientific theories In turn scientific theories are testedevaluated using scientific research methods This section reviews some of the early scientific theories that have paved the way for the more contemporary scientific theories which are covered in chapter two 3 a What concept did Darwins theory of evolution contribute to developmental psychology The concept of developmental stages b What concept did Hall contribute to developmental psychology Define this concept child development milestones of childhood similar to those in development of human species should identify norms or avg ages at which developmental milestones are reached to track development of individual children c What concept did Gesell contribute to developmental psychology Define this concept maturationgenetically programmed sequential pattern of change maturationally determined development occurs regardless of practicetraining ex Infants walkingC A Brief History of the Roots of Psychology in Canadaoptional readingnot on exams
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