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Psyc 320 Chpt 16 notes.docx

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PSYC 320
Sunaina Assanand

Chpt 16: How Different? Women and men’s differences disappearing o Women becoming more like men in the workforce, wages (even though still less than males, its increased dramatically), achievements in education (more women now have degrees than men), physical activity, and sexual attitudes (pre-marital sex, age of losing virginity) o Men becoming more involved in housework, becoming more intimate in relationships, smoking rate and dieting o Men complain more about this change because they have lost services and subservience, whereas women complain about gaining equivalent of having two jobs, a career and a family and “wanting it all” turning out to be harder than expected o Traditional men are more likely to be older, younger men are more accepting of feminism o Although positive attitudes about female communal qualities exist, it doesn’t ensure social acceptance in the workforce. Which sucks because research has shown that it creates more positive workplace outcomes and that companies with a mix of F/M managers are more successful than just male managed companies. o Couples with strong careers have been found to put their relationships first and strive to divide housework and responsibility equitably Models hypothesizing consequences of multiple roles (career + family)  Functionalist: families function best with traditional gender roles, Males with the career and Females with the children/housework because multiple roles creates stress and conflict  Psychoanalytic: males have inherent autonomy that is for succeeding in accomplishments outside the home and females do not. Meaning that when females try and pursue paid employment it is an unsuitable goal and they will experience conflict. Theorizes from an evolutionary heritages and that not having close contact to family leads to depression.  Role expansion model (aka expansionist): M/F both happier with multiple roles because of money, satisfaction levels and the protection of occupying various roles (includes direct and indirect benefits where the other models have no benefits) So….what is the main differences betw
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