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SOCI 100 (54)

Social Interaction in Everyday Life

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University of British Columbia
SOCI 100
Debra Pentecost

Social Interaction in Everyday Life 11-07-2012 From text, Chapter 4 Status  Social position a person holds  Refers to prestige  Part of social identity, defines our relationships to others  Status set – all the statuses a person holds at a given time; changes over time  Ascribed status – social position a person receives at birth  Achieved status – social position a person takes voluntarily that reflects personal ability and effort  Master status – status that has special importance for social identity, shapes a person’s entire life Role  Behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status  Statuses and roles vary by culture  Role set – number of roles attached to a single status Role Conflict vs. Role Strain  Role conflict – conflict among the roles corresponding to two or more statuses  Role strain – tension among the roles connected to a single status  To minimize role conflict, separate parts of our lives so that we perform roles for one status at one time in one place and carry out roles for another status in different settings Role Exit  Process by which people disengage from important social roles  Beings as people doubt their ability to continue in a certain role The Social Construction of Reality  Baldovino: behavior is guided by status and role  Social construction of reality – the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction  Social interaction – complex negotiation of reality The Thomas Theorem  Situations that are defined as real are real in their consequences  Although reality is “soft” as it is being shaped, it can become “hard” in its effects Ethnomethodology  Harold Garfinkel  The study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings  Good way to discover the assumptions we make about reality is to break the rules Reality Building: Class and Culture  Construction of reality is variable to our surroundings  People build reality from the surrounding culture Dramaturgical Analysis: The Presentation of Self  Erving Goffman  Explained how people in their everyday behavior are very much like actors performing on a stage  Dramaturgical analysis – the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance o Status – a part in a play o Role – script, supplying dialogue and action  Presentation of self – person’s efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others (impression management), beings with the idea of personal performance  Performances – as we present ourselves in everyday situations, we reveal information to others  Non-verbal communication – communication using body movements, gestures and facial expressions rather than speech o Body language conveys information to others
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