ANT102H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Ingroups And Outgroups, Ascribed Status, Endogamy

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17 Jan 2017
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ANT102H5 Full Course Notes
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French political philosopher alexis de tocoqueville implied that people in some cultures are more likely to join groups than are people in other cultures. This chapter focuses on nonkin groups and microculture formation. Several factors related to microcultures: class, race , ethnicity, indigeneity, gender, age, and institutions such as prisons and retirement homes. Social group- a cluster of people beyond the domestic unit who are usually related on grounds other than kinship. Primary group- a social group in which members meet on a face- to-face basis. Secondary group- a group of people who identify with one another on some basis but may never meet with one another personally. Membership in primary group, because of the face-to-face interaction, involves more direct accountability about rights and responsibilities than does membership in a secondary group. Foragers and pastoralists, are less likely to develop enduring social groups beyond kin relationships. Despite the fewer types of social groups, they do not completely lack social groupings.

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