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Chapter 14

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Feb192004 Thursday CHANAPSNotes From ReadingCHAPTER 14 PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERSIAbnormal Behavior Myths Realities and ControversiesAThe Medical Model Applied to Abnormal Behavior1Medical Modelproposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease 2SzaszAbnormal Behavior involves a deviation from social norms rather than an illness ie problems of living and not medical problems 3Diagnosisdistinguishing one illness from another 4Etiologyapparent causation and developmental history of an illness 5Prognosisforecast of probable course of an illness BCriteria of Abnormal Behavior 1Deviancepeople are said to have a disorder if their behavior deviates from what society considers acceptable norms 2Maladaptive Behaviorpeople may be judged to have a disorder of their everyday adaptive behavior is impaired ie substance abuse disorders 3Personal Distressie Depressionanxiety4Evolutionary Dysfunctionsa dysfunction occurs when an evolved psychological mechanism does not perform its naturally selected function adequately or effectively CStereotypes of Psychological Disorders 1Psych Disorders are incurable 2People with Psych disorders are often violent and dangerous 3People with psych disorders behave in bizarre ways and are very different from normal people DPsychoDiagnosis The Classification of Disorders1DSM scale used to diagnose disorders 2Axis I Clinical Syndromes and Axis II Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation used to make diagnosis of condition 3Axis III General Medical Conditions Axis IV PsychosocialEnvironmental ProblemsAxis V GAF Scaleused to record supplemental info aAxis Vcurrent level of adaptive functioning EPrevalence of Psych Disorders1Epidemiologystudy of distribution of mentalphysical disorders in a population 2Prevalencethe percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a specific time period aLifetime prevalencethe percentage of people who endure a specific disorder at any time in their lives 313 of population suffers from a psych disorder Most commonly anxiety substance use and mood disordersIIAnxiety DisordersAIntroduction1Anxiety Disorderclass of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety 4 typesgeneralized anxiety disorder phobic obsessive compulsive and panic
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