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Chapter 8-11

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Lisa Trentin

Chapter 8 Hermes, God of Wayfarers - Name means “ He of the stone heap” = reflects a common practice marking trails through remote areas by a heap of stones, travellers throw a stone on the pile for good luck, thus Hermes is the spirit that lives in the stone pile, protector of travelers and of those who wander - Hermes’s role in protecting travellers protects thieves since they travel at night , taking what they need through intelligence and stealth protects merchants who travel to bring goods to their marketplace protects heralds, as he himself is herald of the Gods protects orators - Hermes plays a role as a psychopompos (“soul guide”) , he leads dead into the house of Hades - Hermes often called Argeiphontes “slayer of argus”, Argu isa hundred-eyed monster The Homeric hymn to hermes - ‘Hymn to hermes’ = tells birth and stores of this trickster God only several hours old, he already invented the lyre, stole the cattle of his brother Apollo then lied about it to Apollo and Zeus - Son of Maia + Zeus - Liar, clever, robber, swindler, fast talker - Apollo and hermes were social and political opposites: Apollo, with fine herds of cow is rich and established, while Hermes a helpless infant huddled in a cave, merely a god’s bastard son - Apollo god of aristocrats, stands for aristoi “ best men” and hermes for kakoi “bad guys” - Poem seems to say that social classes of aristoi and kakoi look past their differences and seek common political interest (in this case lyre) Pan, The goatherd’s God - 2 sides of hermes personality 1) gaurdian of flock and herds, master of lies and skulldaggery – seen in his son Autolycus , the greatest liar and theif of his day 2) concern for pasture and fertility – seen in Pan - Form sometimes only part-human, with hoofs and legs of a goat - Known as “ the feeder” Pan had power that makes shepherd’s flocks get fat Hephaestus, God of Smiths - Name probably native to the island Lemnos was god of people of this land connection with this island when zeus threw Hepha out during a dispute with hera - Lemnos had an active volcano explains why he was associated and a personification of fire - God of smiths – partons who form metals into useful of beautiful objects - Was crippled - Made pandora from clay and made macacles that bound prometheus to the caucasus - Marriage to sex-goddess aphrodite was laughable (union of beauty and beast) - Another version of myth Hera was so disgusted by hepha’s disabilities she throws him out he lands in the sea where thetis rescues him and kept in in a cavern where he learned metalworking skills On Hera’s bday he sends her a golden throne which was attached to mesh that was so intricate that it seemed invisible, Hera get bounded by the nets of the mesh, and only Hepha could free her but refused to return to olmpus , Dionysus gets him drunk and brings him to olympus where he frees her Ares, incarnation of blood lust - Son of hera and zeus - Embodiment of war and battle - Personifies blood lust - Name means “ curser” - Under his influence warriors are merciless and fearless - Affair with aphrodite Chapter 9 Demeter, Mistress of Wheat - Oversaw agriculuture, particularly wheat - Name means “ wheat-mother” - Daughter Persephone, together called “ the goddesses” Hestia, The Hearth - Name means “hearth” - Fireplace in every home, protectress of home and city, defined internal space of female world - Roman counterpart, Vesta Aphrodite, Goddess of sexual love - Power of human sexual attraction - Constand companion was Eros “ sexual desire” son of ares - Aphrodite is not greek of origin nor is her name Often referred to as Cypris or Cytherea cause that’s where she was known to risen out of the “foam “ of the sea - Striking feature of worship of aphrodite : temple prostitution = virgin girls gave up their body to men who paid in the form of offerings to the goddess. Lose their virginity in “honour of the goddess” , not a greek custom but occurs in cythera Artemis, Mistress of Animals - Mother-goddess, protectress of the young, animal and human, making fecund of whole of nature - Even though known as mother-godddess, she is eternally a virgin eternally ready for impregnation since she’s pure, only pure and clean body and spirit can enter her woodland - A deadly huntess - Hunted down Orion (son of poseidon who had the power to walk on water) cause he attempted to rape artemis, she placed a scorpio on his head which pois
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