The eighteenth century: the decline of the mughal empire : the mughal empire fell because of internal contradictions, fuelled by the growing ambitions of prosperous regions/leaders and elite groups. His work has encouraged historians to re-evaluate the eighteenth century, as an era in which assert new successor states , who no longer recognised mughal sovereignty, competed with the british to exercise power in the sub continent. Elite ambitions grew, regions became kingdoms (revolts from 1650) During the first half of the 18th century mughal power contracted, while the subordinate to. There seems to be three crucial fault lines . Zamindars across northern and central india rose up to resist imperial authority. Zamindar possessed local knowledge and controlled peasant cultivation. They had amassed power as they grew up in wealth in during 17th century. Examples are marathas of deccan, the sikhs in punjab, and the jats of. Second fault line was the established princely rulers.