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RLG101H5 (78)
Chapter 1

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Department
Religion
Course
RLG101H5
Professor
Kenneth Derry
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 1: Some Basics • First defining moment of 21st century = new York on sept 11, 2001 (9/11)  made clear that religion is major part of 21 century • The contemporary world is shaped by religions: o War on terror o Intelligent design o Abortion clinic killings o Environmental summits • To understand past and now – need to understand religion • Religion: something humans do, so study of religion = primarily concerned with ppl and cultures Basic - Religion and Culture: • Term religion is complicated • It impacts our social level and individual level • Culture in which a person lives is strongly influenced by the predominant religion of their society • Religion can be influenced by their cultural contest and location • Major religious traditions in the world do encourage practitioners to reflect on and engage with abstract and supra-mundane aspects of reality o Practitioners – may consider the abstract and transcendent issues to be most central aspects of their religion • Religion is what people do on a day to day level • It’s both a set of ideas and beliefs that people can engage with and also the framework for their lived experiences • Religion = cross cultural  how certain religions are different in other countries • Culture and religion diversity • Current and past shape and influence • Require element of scholarly agnosticism  should only claim competence in field of experience which known = human world • Human centered approach : study of religion as human practice, activity not god centered or faith centered (theology) but appears integral to all humans • Theology: study of religion on faith centered basis • Religious life = cultural life, one’s religion emerges from one’s culture Religion and Culture • Sigmund Freud proposed that religion is misguided and unhealthy outcome of problems inherent in a young boy working thru this relationship with his father o Ignored own cultural assumption, his ideas about how humans become religious depended on ideas of behavior specific to his culture religion where similar to Christianity and Judaism • Area of parenthood, culture and cultural differences = important factor to comprehend religion • Current historical events are shaped by practices and influences that could be labelled “religious” and how much of that is seen and affected by religion • Freud made assumption that religion is derived from boy’s psychological process of making up a father figure called god to compensate relationship with one’s own father Religion and Religions • four statements o religion = aspect of most cultures o Buddhism = important religion in Tibet o Mosque = religious building for Muslims o Mediation = religious action • Religion o Common and quite general aspect of humanity o Specific religions o Adjectival o Verb • person practices their religion they are “religioning” Religions: Particular Traditions • religion o noun  universal aspect of human life o noun  specific religions refer to particular groups and traditions o adj  used in general sense to describe a type of thing or beh
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