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Canada (162,366)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC100H5 (538)
Jayne Baker (154)

Soc100 Textbook Definitions

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Jayne Baker

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Social Isolation and Socialization – boy in 1800 came from woods, he was wild, no physical or mental disbailities, he was that way because he was raised in isolation from other humans, Socialization – is the process by which people learn there culture, by: entering into and disengaging from a succession of roles, becoming aware of themselves as they interact with others, Role – a role is a beheavior that is expected of a person occupying a particular position in society Social deprivation – results in higher death rate and infections in orphans, might have impaired sexual life, childhood socialization makes most of our adult human potential undeveloped. CHILDHOOD SOCIALIZATION IS KEY Sense of self continues in adolescence, adolsence is turbulent in self development Central growth process in adolescence is to define the self through calrification of experience and to establish self esteem Infants begin to develop a sense of self Self – a set of ideas and attitudes about who they are as independent beings Looking glass self – cooleys description of the way our feelings about who we are depend largely on how we see ourselves evaluated by others I – according to mead the subjective and impulsive aspect of the self that is present from birth Me- mead – the objective componenet to the self that emerges as people communicate symbolically and learn to take the role of another Significant others: the people who play important roles in early socialization experiences of children Generalized other – a persons view of cultural standards/expectations and how they apply to him/her Difference is sense of self for gender, because of different cultural standards for each gender Primary Socialization – the process of acuqring basic skills needed to function in society during childhood, this takes place in the family Secondary socialization –socialization outside of the family, after childhood Hidden curriculum – teaches students what will be expected of them as good citizens when they leave school Thomas Theorem – situations we define as real become real in their consquences – eg Self fulfilling prophecy – an expectation that helps bring about it what it predicts Peer groups – a persons peer group comprises people who are about the same age and of similar status, the peer group acts as an agent of socialization, not necessarily friends, help separate them from family and create their own identity Status – is the recognized social position that an individual can occupy Self socialization – choosing socialization influences from the wide variety of mass media Gender roles – set of behaviors associated with expectations of how males or females are supposed to behave Resocialization – what occurs when powerful socializing agents dilberately cause rapid change in a persons values, roles, and self conception, sometimes against that persons will Initiation rite – a ritual that signifies the transition of an indivudal from one group to another, helps to ensure loyalty to the new group Rites comprise of 3 stages: separation> degredation> acceptance Total institutions – settings which people are isolated from larger society under strict control or supervision of specialized staff (jails) Anticipatory socialization – beginning to take on the norms and behaviors of the roles to which one aspires eg Virtual communities – people, scattered around the world who communicate via computer about a subject or a common interest Virtual communities allow interaction using concealed identiesi allowing them to take on new personalities Adults have less time to supervise kids because of longer hours, resulting in peer group influence and high risk behavior, leaving them to see media , Social interaction – involves people communicating face to face via computer, acting and reacting relation to tohers, structured around norms roles and statuses. Emotion management – the act of obeying “feeling rules” and responding Role set and Status set – people take
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