Textbook Notes (367,766)
Canada (161,379)
Sociology (1,508)
SOC100H5 (533)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Nathan Innocente

Chapter 2 NotesCulture the socially transmitted ideas practices and material objects that people create to deal with reallife problemsSociologists call opera ballet art and similar activities high cultureThey distinguish high culture from popular cultureor mass culture While all classes consume popular or mass culture upper classes tend to consume high cultureHow does cultural sharing take place Through human interaction communication and learningA societyinvolves people interacting socially and sharing culture usually in a defined geographical area Culture then is the sum of the socially transmittedideas practices and material objects that enable people to adapt to and thrive in their environmentsHuman culture exists only because we can think abstractly Abstractionis the capacity to create symbolsor general ideas that carry particular meanings Languages and mathematical notations are sets of symbols The ability to cooperate is a second factor that enables human culture to exist Cooperationinvolves creating a complex social life by establishing normsor generally accepted ways of doing things and valuesor ideas about what is right and wrong good and bad beautiful and uglyIf a man walks down a busy street wearing nothing on the top half of his body he is violating a folkwayIf he walks down the street wearing nothing on the bottom half of his body he is violating a more Folkways are norms that specify social preferences Mores are norms that specify social requirements People are usually punished when they violate norms but the punishment is usually minor if the norm is a folkwayThe strongest and most central norm however is a tabooWhen someone violates a taboo it causes revulsion in the community and punishment is severe Incest is one of the most widespread taboosFinally culture can exist because humans can engage in productionwe can make and use tools and techniques that improve our ability to take what we want from nature Sociologists call such tools and techniques material culture
More Less

Related notes for SOC100H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.