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Canada (158,052)
Sociology (1,464)
SOC100H5 (494)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Suzanne Casimiro

Chapter Three: Culture What is culture? Defn: refers to the ways of thinking, ways of acting, and the material objects that together shape a peoples way of life Includes our thoughts, actions and possessions Nonmaterial culture: ideas created by members of society Material culture: physical things created by society Culture shock: personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life o People tend to view their way of life as natural o People could experience this when they immigrate tovisit another country Every animal around the world behaves the same because they are driven by instinct or biological programming which cant be controlled Only humans rely on culture rather than on instinct to create a way of life and to ensure survival Culture and Human Intelligence Earth is estimated to be 4.5 billion years old Primates have the largest brains relative to body size of all living creatures 12 million years ago, humans were set apart from great apes 3 million years ago, humans started to walk upright and created a way of life(hunting, using fire and weapons, simple clothing) 250 000 years ago, our own species , Homo sapiens, thinking person (latin) 12 000 years ago, birth of civilization- humans no longer lived by biological instincts but by more efficient survival scheme: changing the natural environment to benefit themselves Culture, Nation, State, and Society culture: refers to the ideas, values and artifacts that make up shared way of life nation: refer to political entity- state or country; also refers to people who share a culture, ancestry and history state: political entity in a territory with designated borders society: organized interaction of people within a nation, state or other boundary who share a culture How many cultures? 7000 languages in the world = many distinct cultures Number of languages spoken in world declining roughly half now each spoken by fewer than 10 000 people Causes of declining language use- electronic communication, international migration, explain global economy www.notesolution.com
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