Textbook Notes (368,449)
Canada (161,886)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC100H5 (538)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14

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Suzanne Casimiro

Chapter 14: Race and Ethnicity Chapter examines meaning of race and ethnicity and how these social constructs have shaped human history Social Meaning of Race and Ethnicity Race Defn: socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important Based on physical characteristics such as skin colour, facial features, hair texture and body shape Entire societies define physical traits differently Race and Ethnic Categories th Scientists invented concept of race in 19 century as they tried to organize worlds physical diversity, identifying three racial types 1. Cauasoid- relatively light skin and fine hair 2. Negroid- darker skin and coarse hair 3. Mongoloid- yellowbrown skin and distinctive folds on eyelids No society contains biologically pure people Such categories imply hierarchal ranking which allows some people to feel that they are inherently superior than others Trend Toward Mixture Genetic traits from around the world have become mixed Multiracial ancestry Ethnicity Defn: shared cultural heritage Based on common ancestry , language, religion that gives them distinctive social identity Objective criteria: traits such as ancestry, cultural practices, dress, religion and language Subjective criteria: involve the internalization of distinctive social identity where people identify themselves or are perceived by others as belonging to different group Concept of ethnicity is socially constructed, becoming more important only when society defines it that way People can change their ethnicities by adopting a new way of life From time to time, people actually renew ethnic ties and identities after 2 or 3 generations making an effort to return to their roots Minorities Defn: any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that society sets apart and subordinates Based on race, ethnicity or both Term minority has expanded to include people with physical disabilities, women, elderly people, homosexuals Two major characteristics of minorities: 1. Share a distinctive identity 2. Subordination www.notesolution.com
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