Textbook Notes (362,882)
Canada (158,081)
Sociology (1,465)
SOC100H5 (495)
Chapter 15

chapter 15

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Suzanne Casimiro

Chapter 15: Aging and the Elderly The Greying of Canada Number of elderly people is increasing more than twice as fast as the population as a whole Just over a century , the life expectancy of Canadians has doubled with the average number of children has declined by half Dramatic changes are the result of the baby boom moving up through the age categories of the pyramids Most old people along our southern border and northward on the two coasts Parts of Canada in which aboriginal people predominate relatively young What is prompting the aging of our society? o Baby boom that began in that late 1940s, after WWII, birth rates were very high but dropped significantly by 1965 Our population will become increasingly top heavy Canada promotes increased immigration as a solution Birth Rate: Going Down Children more likely to survive into adulthood in industrialized countries where couples have few children Children no long add to familys financial well-being but instead are a major expense More women are having less children now Advances in birth control technology Life Expectancy: Going Up Canadas experienced 30 year increase in life expectancy over the twentieth century Our longer lifespans are mainly the result of medical advances The Consequences of Population Aging for Canada As elderly people retire from labour force, they will add to the proportion of non-working adults General ever greater demands for health care and other social services Old Age Dependency Ratio: ratio of elderly people to working age adults Elderly people of the future will tend to have higher levels of education, fewer family responsibilities, better work experience , more savings, and better health Costs of medical care have grown in recent years An Aging Society: Cultural Change Interacting with elderly people will increase Younger generations will inevitably have more contact with older people Greater familiarity and shared understandings Elderly people in Canada represent not just the two sexes, but all cultures, classes and races The young Old and the Old Old Two cohorts of elderly people: Younger elderly and older elderly 1. Younger Elderly -between ages 65 and 75 www.notesolution.com
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