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Canada (158,366)
Sociology (1,471)
SOC263H5 (63)
Chapter 4

SOC263 Chapter Four Notes.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Anna Korteweg

SOC263 Chapter Four Notes - Sociologist use the term reification to refer to the processes in which abstact concepts become real, usually processed of reification involve a generally held acceptance of a particular concept as immutable and somehow grounded in nature - Scholars who see reification as a problem argue that race as a category of sociological analysis should be abandoned entirely - Montagu argues against the use of mainstream classifications of race that relied on biological or physiological criteria - People can be neatly divided and classified into different racial categories on the basis of some physical characteristics or genetic difference - View race as social construction rather than biological essence - Omi and Winant say it is only by noticing race that we can begin to challenge racism - Race is not rooted in biology is not a natural category of distinction - Race is socially constructed, and the social construction of race does matter - Winant argues race needs to be conceptualized in a way that does not disregard the complex social processes that lead to racialized outcomes of inequality, and does not lead to the legitimation of the essence of race by either academics or non-academics - For weber ethnicity is socially constructed because beliefs about group differences serve to exclude individuals from certain associations while including them in others - For weber ethnicity is constructed around several dimension including differences in language, customs, religion, ancestry, and physical characteristics - He says reason for labelling is not to group people but rather to exclude them from the rights and privileges that other groups enjoy - Allahar and Cote rely on social exclusion or what they refer to as in group/out group dynamic in their definition of ethinicity. Overview considers: 1. Common history with a set of shared values and customs, language, style of dress, food, music, etc. 2. A myth of common decent 3. National or territorial claims to sovereignty 4. An assumed inherited racial marker such as skin colour 5. So
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